Block 6b Test Review

22 terms by homeskewled

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what injury presents with painless bright red vaginal bleeding?

placenta previa

what is an increase in blood pressure (at least 30mmHg systolic or 15mmHg diastolic) at least two occasions in pregnant patients?

pre-eclampsia

how long apart do the two spikes of blood pressure in pre-eclampsia have to be?

at least 6 hrs apart

what is a tonic-clonic seizure that is treated with mag sulfate?

eclampsia

what is the dosage to treat it with?

a bolus of 2g diluted in 50-100mL Slow IVP

when is pre-eclampsia most commonly seen?

the last 10 weeks of gestation, during labor, or in the first 48hrs postpartum

what is the development of nitrogen bubbles within the tissues due to a rapid reduction of air pressure?

decompression illness

how is the "Bends" treated and what is it affiliated with?

its treated with re-compression and a hyperbaric chamber, and its affiliated with decompression illness

what gas law states that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the individual gases?

Daltons Gas Law

what gas law states that the amount of gas dissolved in a given volume of fluid is proportional to the pressure of the gas above it?

Henrys Gas Law

what symptoms do nitrogen narcosis present with?

altered level of consciousness and impaired judgment

a patient acting funny and violent could be presenting what?

psychiatric problems, behavioral problems,

what are similar toxins with similar signs and symptoms?

toxidromes

what do people OD on heart medications?

because they tend to forget that they took the medication, or the are trying to "catch up" on their missed doses

what does SLUDGE stand for?

Salivation,
Lacrimation,
Urination,
Deification,
GI Motility,
Emesis

what do you not want to do when treating snakebites?

apply ice packs, arterial tourniquets, electrical stimulation, or incise the wound

what do you administer a patient who had OD on benzos?

Flumazinel

what drug is used to treat bipolar(manic-depressive) disorder?

Lithium is used and have been proven the most effective

Diazepam (valium) dose

2-10mg slow IVP

Ipratropium (atrovent) dose

0.5mg nebulized, used for asthma

what can pregnant patients with pre-existing medical conditions develop?

CHF, gestational diabetes, hypertension, seizure disorders, and neuromuscular disorders

what is false labor, which increases in intensity and frequency but doesnt cause cervical changes?

Braxton-Hicks Contractions

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