MVM 6th Grade Social Studies Final - Chapter 4

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Nile River

Rich farm soil and irrigation for crops, fishing and hunting, and transportation and trade were all benefits brought to Egypt by the ___________. These benefits helped the success of the Egyptian civilization.

rich soil

Each year, the flooding of the Nile River brought _____________ for crops.

variety

The Egyptians used the fertile land along the Nile to plant a large _____________ of crops for eating (like wheat) and for clothes (like flax).

natural resources

Egyptians also used ____________ like copper, iron, gold, limestone, granite and precious stones.

artisans

The Egyptian culture had many specialized, skilled workers called ____________.

scribes

Egyptians that learned to read an write could become _________, who wrote down and kept records.

rulers and priests

___________________ were the highest level jobs in Egypt. They ruled the people and held ceremonies to please the gods.

slaves

__________ were at the bottom of society. They worked in public building projects and as servants.

women

Egyptian ___________ were well cared for. They took care of the children and home, wove cloth and worked in fields and shops with their husbands.

pets

Egyptians liked their _____. Dogs were used for hunting. Cats were the most favored pet and there was a cat goddess called Bastet, who was the goddess of pleasure, music dancing and joy.

papyrus

Egyptians developed a paper like substance to write on called ______________.

hieroglyphics

Egyptians developed a writing system called _____________ using more than 700 characters. Over time it grew into almost 6,000 symbols.

calendar

Egyptians developed the world's first practical ___________.

surgery

Egyptians learned to perform _________ on dead bodies they prepared for burial.

medicine

Egyptians used pieces of moldy bread on wounds. Penicillin is a _____________ made from mold that changed modern medicine.

life after death

Egyptians believed in _________________. They called this the afterlife.

polytheism

Egyptians believed in many gods. This is known as ________________.

pharaoh

The Egyptian government and religion were ruled by the ______________, who was thought to be a child of the gods. He linked the government and religion together.

pyramids

The ____________ were made of stone that was hauled to the site and put in place by human labor. They were used as monuments for the pharoahs held within their tombs.

Middle Kingdom

Egypt thrived during the ________________. The arts (especially literature) flourished, trade expanded throughout the Mediterranean and eastward into Asia, and the succession of pharaohs was stable and orderly.

New Kingdom

The first woman pharaoh of Egypt came to power in the _______________. Monumental architecture and statuary honoring the gods and pharaohs was prominent in this era. The pharaoh Akhenaton made the sun god Aton the most powerful and closed the temples of other gods. Child pharaoh Tutankhamen rejected Anton and returned worship to the old gods. Ramses was the most powerful ruler and kept peace in Egypt for 66 years. At the end of this period, the Kushites ruled Egypt.

Akhenaton

The pharaoh ______________ changed the polytheistic religion of Egypt to one sun god - Aton. He closed the temples of the other gods. He also changed art, making it more realistic, like pictures of him with a big belly.

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