New Testament Chapter 5

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Christ

From a Hebrew word that literally means "anointed one," translated into Greek as Christos, from which derives our English word.

four-source hypothesis

A solution to the Synoptic Problem which maintains that there are four sources that lie behind the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. 1. Matthew was the source for much of the narrative of Matthew and Luke; 2. Q was the source for the sayings found in Matthew and Luke but not in Mark; 3. M provided the materials found only in Matthew; and 4. L provided the material found only in Luke.

genre

refers to a kind of literary text (novel, apocalypse, Gospel)

L

A document(s) that no longer survives, but that evidently provided Luke with traditions that are not found in Matthew or Mark

M

A document(s) that no longer survives, but that evidently provided Matthew with traditions that are not found in Mark or Luke.

Markan Priority

The view that Mark was the first of the Synoptic Gospels to be written and was one of the sources used by Matthew and Luke.

messiah

From a Hebrew word that literally means "anointed one."

messianic secret

Reference to a literary feature of the Gospel of Mark, that Jesus regularly attempts to keep his messianic identity secret by urging those he heals, the demons, and his disciples not to reveal to others who he is.

Passion

From a Greek word that means "suffering" used as a technical term to refer to the traditions of Jesus' last days, up to and including his crucifixion.

Q source

The source used by both Matthew and Luke for the stories they share, principally sayings that are not found in Mark; from the German word Quelle meaning "source". This document no longer exists but can be reconstructed on the basis of Matthew and Luke.

Son of God

In most Greco-Roman circles, the designation of a person born to a god, able to perform miraculous deeds and/or to convey superhuman teachings; in Jewish circles, the designation of persons chosen to stand in a special relationship with the God of Israel, including the ancient Jewish Kings.

Son of Man

A term whose meaning is much disputed among modern scholars, used in some ancient apocalyptic texts to refer to a cosmic judge sent from heaven at the end of time.

Synoptic Gospels

The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke, which narrate so many of the same stories that they can be placed side by side in parallel columns and so "be seen together".

Synoptic Problem

The problem of explaining the similarities and differences between the three Synoptic Gospels.

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