il World History Final Exam 1

86 terms by Musicgeek28 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

bias

when a source favors one side

point of view

things that have influenced someone such as historical context and frame of reference

primary source

something which comes from the time period that the historian is studying that records or describes an event by someone who participated in or witnessed the event

secondary source

something which is produced after the time period the historian is studying

B.C./A.D.

before christ/ Anno domini

History

the study of the human past that is recorded

prehistory

pertaining to a time or time period before records

archaeologists

specially trained scientistswho work to uncover the story of prehistoric peoples, excavate and study traces of early settlements

Fact

a proven statement

opinion

what someone believes

4 theories of history

Theological Determinism, Economic Determinism, Great Man Theory, Geological Determinsim

Theological Determinism

God/Creator causes major historical events to happen. Evolution could be part of the "cosmic" plan; Divine will guides and directs human destiny

Economic Determinism

The way people make a living and distribute goods is a main influence on society

Great Man Theory

Great men/women have changed the world by thier ideas and actions

Geographical Determinism

Geography is a major factor in determining history. Physical features and natural resources shape history

fossils

evidence of early life preserved in rocks, studied by paleontologists

longitude

the lines that run north and south

latitude

the lines that run east and west

equator

the line that runs around the middle of the Earth east to west

prime meridian

the line that runs around the middle of the Earth north to south

artifacts

human-made objects like tools or jewlery, studied by archeologists

Old Stone Age

Paleolithic, 2.5 million B.C.-8000 B.C, oldest chopping tools

New Stone Age

Neolithic, 8000 B.C.-3000 B.C, polished stone, pottery, grow crops, raise animals

Agricultural Revolution

Neolithic Revolution, shift from food-gathering to food-producing culture

ziggurat

pyramid shaped monument, priests conduct rituals at top, stores grains, woven fabrics, gems

civilization wheel

Advanced technology, advanced cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping

Sumer/Mesopotamia

beginning of civilization

city-state

a city with it's own government and ruler that functions much like a country

silt

fertile black mud, left by rivers after overflowing

polytheism

the belief in more than one god

artisans

a skilled worker who makes objects by hand

scribes

a professional record keeper

cultural diffusion

the spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another

empire

several peoples, nations or previously independent states under the control of one leader

Tigris-Euphrates

the two rivers bordering Mespotamia

dynasty

series of rulers from a single family

Hammurabi's code

the code the Babylonian empire had to follow, described punishment for each crime and had lex talionis

Lex Talionis

the idea of an eye for an eye

cuneiform

the writing of the Mesopotamians, created by scribes

surplus

extra

Nomads

people who moved from place to place foraging, or searching, for new sources of food

Huang He/Yangtze Rivers

border fertile land in China, civilization bulit on these

Nile River

flooded like clockwork and left behind fertile soil

1st need relgion fulfills

explanation for suffering, death, unknown

2nd need relgion fulfills

comfort about fear of death

3rd need relgion fulfills

something to do about things that practical remedies are unkown

4th need relgion fulfills

community with moral control, conform to ethical standards and practices

5th need relgion fulfills

acceptance of authority, social difference, one's place in social structure

6th need relgion fulfills

feeling of group solidarity; common bond, encouraged to help one another

Hinduism

relgion a way of liberating soul from illusions, disappointments, mistakes, follow main God Brahman

Brahman

world soul, multiple personalities=Brahma-the creator; Vishnu-the protector; Shiva-the destroyer(Hinduism)

Tao

the first cause of the universe, is the force and flows though all life(Taoism)

dharma

Buddhist doctrine or teachings

karma

a souls good deeds, follows to next life

reincarnation/samsara

rebirth until moksha/enlightenment is reached

Taoism

the belief that Tao is the force that flows through everything

nirvana

release from selfishness and pain

Caste system

Hindu social class; 1) Brahmins(priests) 2) warriors 3) traders and landowners 4) peasants

untouchables

lived outside the caste system, do jobs nobody wants

Tao Te Ching

written by Laozi

ascetic

one who causes pain to themselves to reach moksha

meditation

clearing ones mind

Vedas

Aryan sacred literature, 4 collections of prayers, magical spells, instructions for performing rituals

Siddhartha Guatama

Buddha founder of Buddhism

1st noble truth

life is filled w/suffering and sorrow

2nd noble truth

suffering caused by people's selfish desires

3rd noble truth

end suffering by ending desire

4th noble truth

overcome desires and attain enlightenment by following Eightfold Path(Middle Way)

Middle Way

(Eightfold Path) Right views, resolve, speech, conduct, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, concentration

Eightfold Path

(Middle Way) Right views, resolve, speech, conduct, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, concentration

enlightenment

state of perfect wisdom in which one understands basic truths about the universe

Buddha

enlightened one

ahimsa

noninjury to living beings

Tipitaka

Buddhist sacred writings

Confucianisam

practiced filal piety, 5 relationships

Confucius

creator of Confucianism

5 realtionships

1) ruler to subject 2) father to son 3) husband to wife 4) older brother to younger brother 5) friend to friend, first 4 superior:inferior

bureaucrats

a trained civil servant who helps run the government

monsoons

seasonal winds, winter blow northeast to west(dry), summer blow east to southwest(wet)

filal piety

respect for ancestors and family

civil service exam

literacy test to work in government

ancestor whorship

believed ancestors could bring god or bad luck, asked for help from them

mandate of heaven

divine approval to rule given by gods

analects

a collection of Confucius's sayings

Lao Tzu

founder of Taosims, wrote Tao Te Ching

Judeo-Christian Ethic

right or moral behavior in Western Society

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set