World History: India

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Quit India Campaign

Refusing to support the colonial British government's involvement in World War II by the National Congress Party.

Sepoy

An Indian soldier serving under British command.

Raj

the British-controlled portions of India in the years 1757-1947

Rajiv Gandhi

was the 7th Prime Minister of India; He also was responsible for sending Indian troops for peace efforts in Sri Lanka

Indian National Congress

A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.

Benazir Bhutto

became prime minister of Pakistan in 1988. Heir to the political legacy of her father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (prime minister from 1971 to 1977), she was the first woman in modern times to head the government of an Islamic state.

Queen Victoria

queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901 (1819-1901)

Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms

Indians given control over health education and agriculture. British would control finance and law and order

Salt March

passive resistance campaign of Mohandas Gandhi where many Indians protested the British tax on salt by marching to the sea to make their own salt.

General Dyer

British general that commanded his troops to open fire at the mass of protestors gathered at Amritsar

Amritsar Massacre

To protest the Rowlatt Act, Indians gathered in Amritsar, where British troops fired on the crowd killing several hundred. This sparked further protests

Robert Clive

This man was a British soldier who established the military and political supremacy of the East India Company in Southern India and Bengal. He is credited with securing India, and the wealth that followed, for the British crown.

Muslim League

Organization formed by Indian Muslims in 1906 to protect their interests against British rule

Viceroy

a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch

Kasturba Gandhi

wife of Mohandas Gandhi

Bangladesh

Founded as an independent nation in 1972; formerly East Pakistan.

Rowlatt Act

Passed in 1919, this allowed the British ruling government to jail any protester without trial for a maximum of two years.

Mohandas Gandhi

A philosopher from India, this man was a spiritual and moral leader favoring India's independence from Great Britain. He practiced passive resistance, civil disobedience and boycotts to generate social and political change.

Homespun

Word that refers to the clothing Indians made for themselves as opposed to buying it from the British - a way of showing their patriotism

Jawaharlal Nehru

Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India and became India's first prime minister (1947-1964).

Pakistan

a nation in southern Asia; created by the division of India in 1947

Indira Gandhi

daughter of Nehru who served as prime minister of India from 1966 to 1977 (1917-1984)

Green Revolution

the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity

Satyagrapha

Civil disobediance that Gahndi followed.

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