a king of Mali in the 1300s
rule began in 1464 and lasted almost 30 years. He built a professional army that had a riverboat fleet of war canoes and a mobile fighting force on horseback.
Lived in pueblos, compounds made of stone and adobe.
A North American mound-building culture; lasted from 200 to 500 CE
a member of an early Mesoamerican civilization contered around Veracruz that flourished between 1300 and 400 BC
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 BC
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatn Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a single empire. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
a people who invaded central Mexico and were ruled by a military class; had a capital city of Tula; influenced the Maya; introduced the working of gold and silver; spread the worship of their god Quetzalcoatl; destroyed in the AD 1100s
the Feathered Serpent, a god for many ancient Mexican civilizations.
andes mountains of south america, autocrat emperor, "children of the sun", road system, educational system
scholars who study languages
people who trace their ancestors and inherit property through their mothers rather than through their fathers
sun dried brick
cone shaped tents
raised fields formed from mud scooped up from the bottoms of shallow lakes
knotted string used to assist the memory
plateau, savannas, forests, tropical rain forest, jungle
poems, songs, or stories passed by word of mouth from one generation to another