group and name
long, descriptive names
naming organisms with 2 words only, usually Latin of Greek
two word naming system developed by Carolus Linnaeus in 18th century
Linnaeus recognized the need for..
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus,species
Three domain system
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
unicellular, prokaryotes, contains Eubacteria Kingdom, may or may not need O2, Prokarya: modern
ancient bacteria, unicellular, prokaryotes, contains Archaeabacteria Kingdom, most do not need O2
all defined nuclues, contains Kingdoms: Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia
Old 5 Kingdoms
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Modern 6 Kingdoms
Eubacteria, Archaeabacteria, Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
cell walls contain peptidoglycen, contains domain bacteria
very harsh environment, no nucleus, cell wall does not contain peptidoglycen, contains two domains: archaea and bacteria
4 Kingdoms of Eukaryotes
Protist, Fungi, Plants, and Animals
multicultural or unicellular, autotrophs (plantlike--phytoplankton) or hetero (animallike-- zooplankton), 60000 species, moist environment, Amoeba, Hydra, Paramecium
mushroom, yeast, hetero, eat dead/decaying matter, cell wall containing chitin--protein in cell wall, eukaryotes, moist environment, worlds's decomposer, reproduce asexually
fern, mosses, trees, flowers, nonmobile, cell walls contain cellulose, auto--photosynthesis
fish bird, reptiles, mammals, no cell walls, hetero, great biodiversity,multicellular, mammals--hair/fur, nurse young, warm blooded
mammals, reptiles, amphibians, aves (birds), fish, sea stars (not fish) , arthropods (insects, crabs, spiders), jellyfish, and mollusks
grouping organisms based on their evolutionary history, how they evolved instead of how they look
plays a strong role in evolutioary classification, evolutionary relationship among organsims, use DNA
diagram that show evolutionary relationships among a group of orgnaisms, using derived characters
appear in recent parts of a lineage but not in its old member
plants with flowers
group os closely related species; first part of scientific name in binomial nomenclature
group or level of organization into which organisms are classifies
group of closely related families
group of closely related orders
group of closely related classes
largest and most inclusive group of classification
evolutionary branch of a cladogram that includes a single ancestor and all its descendants
group that consists of a single ancestral species and all its descendants and excludes any organisms that are not descened from the common ancestor
larger, more inclusive taxonomic category than a kingdom
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