A part of the experiment that no changes are made to.You use the control group as a comparasion.
Manipulated (independent) Variable
The thing you are testing.
Responding (dependent) Variable
The results of the experiment.
You need large number when doing an experiment because you want your results to be more?
You repeat your experiment in order to test your results from the?
The study of living things.
A complete living thing.
The part of biology that deals with animals and animal life.
The branch of biology that deals with microorganisms and their effects on living organisms.
A technique of classification.
The study of plant and plant life.
The study of heredity.
3 molecules of water
6 atoms of hydrogen
3 atoms of oxygen
? molecules of water
? atoms of hydrogen
? atoms of oxygen
Elements always found in organic compounds
List all 4
Amino Acid+Amino Acid=
DNA and RNA
Example of two nucleic acids
Enzymes are ?
Break down food
Build up molecules
Two jobs of enzymes
Another name for lipids is ?
All made up of cells
Chemicals of life (organic compund)
Responding to surroundings
Growth and development
Characteristics of living things (what makes something classified as living)
List all 6
Needs of living things (what do living things need to survive) List all 4
All living things are made up of cells
Cells are the smallest unit of life
All cells come from pre-existing cells
List 3 statements of the Cell Theory
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
1. In a plant cell only
2. A stiff wall surrounds the cell membrane, giving the cell a rigid boxlike shape
1. Protects the cell and regulates what substances enter and leave the cell
2. In animal cells, form a barrier between the cytoplasm and the environment outside the cell
1. A small grain-like structure in the cytoplasm of the cell where proteins are made
Chloroplast>In a plant cell only
1. A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food
1. Rod-shaped cell structures that produce most of the energy needed to carry out the cell's function
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
1. A Cell structure that forms a maze of passageays in which protiens and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
1. A water-filled sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
2. Larger in plant cells because they need to store larger amounts of water for times when only a limited supply is available to them
1. Found only in animal cells
2. Used to help animal cells divide
1. A structure in a cell that receives protiens and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic recticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
1. A cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemicals instructions that direct all the cell's activities
1. material in the cells that contains DNA and carries gentic information
1. A double rod of condensed chromatin; contains DNA that carries genetic information
1. The movement of materials through a cell membrane using energy
2. Needs ATP
3. Movement from low to high concentration
1.The movement of materials through a cell membrane without using energy
2. Does not need ATP
3. Movement from high to low concentration
1. The diffusion of water from high concentration to low concentration
1. Cells break down simple food molecules such as glucose and release the energy they contain
2. The body's energy molecule is called ATP
Uses oxygen as a reactant and produces 36 ATP as a product
Does not use oxygen as a reactant and produces 2 ATP as a product
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture the energy in sunlight and use it to make food
C6H120+602 enzymes> 36 ATP+6CO2+6H20
C6H1206 enzymes> 2 ATP+alcohol+CO2
6C02+6H20 sunlight> C6H1206+602
The shape of DNA is a ?
Section of DNA that codes for a trait
Building blocks of protein are called ?
? is copied into RNA (transcribed)
? is translated into proteins by ribosomes
Three structural difference between DNA and RNA
DNA: ? RNA: ?
DNA: ? RNA: ?
DNA: ? RNA: ?
Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection
4. Survival of the fittest
Adapting to your environment
Diffrences in genetic outcomes
Has a nucleus