These Indians lived in the Southwestern United States. They built extensive irrigation systems to water their primary crop, which was corn; also lived in stone cities
Sun-dried clay bricks used by pueblo people
Pole-framed tents covered with skins, used by the Plains Indians
Raised fields constructed along lake shores in Mesoamerica to increase agricultural yields
An arrangement of knotted strings on a cord, used by the Inca to record numerical information
A payment made by a weaker power to a stronger power to obtain an assurance of peace and security
A fortified military post where troops are stationed
one having charge of buildings or grounds or animals
An area of authority or control; the right to administer justice
A member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
Groups of families taken from communities by Inca states and transferred to loyal or conquered towns to perform political, cultural, social and economic functions
Labor extracted for lands assigned to the state and the religion; all communities were expected to contribute; an essential aspect of Inca imperial control.
The big eared people, 11 noble lineages of the Incan empire who believed to be the descendants of the sun god
The capital city of the Incan Empire, Located in present-day Peru
A road over which mail is carried
What the Spanish called Runa Sumi.
A system of runners that traveled the Inca roads as a kind of postal service, carrying messages from one end of the empire to the other.
Virgins of the Sun; young, unmarried women that were drafted by the Inca to a lifetime of religious service; teachers, spinners, weavers, and beer makers
Young men that served full-time workers for the state or religious activities.
Leader of the Incan nation in what is now Peru. Conquered by Francisco Pizzaro in 1533
Ruler of Inca society from 1438 to 1471; launched a series of military campaigns that gave Incas control of the region from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca
A region of Central America, Mexico, and South America where several pre-Columbian civilizations lived including the Maya, Inca, and Aztecs.
An alliance of five (later six) North American Native American tribes formed in the 1500's for defense and self-governance.
What the Incas called their language.