Three Oaks 5th grade science 129-143

121 terms by acdemers 

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Electromagnet

is electricity to produce magnetism

Stamen and Pistol

the reproductive parts of a seed producing plant

Attract

North and South poles of a magnet

Two groups in the plant kingdom

Plants that produce seeds and plants that produce spores

Main parts of seed producing plant

Roots, flowers, stems, and leaves

Stem

supports, allows movement of water and nutrients

Roots

anchor plants, take water and minerals from the soil

Leaf

part of plant where photosynthesis takes place

Structural adaptation for an organism

a change in a physical part of the organism that helps meet life needs

Pollination

the process by which pollen is transferred from the stamen to the stigma

Photosynthesis

green plants use chlorophyll to produce food using carbon dioxide, water, nutrients, and sunlight

Sepals

small leaves that form the housing of the developing flower in seed producing plants

Sun's energy in the foodweb

the sun's energy cycles from producers to consumers and back into the nutrient pool through decomposers

Niche

the function that an organism performs in the food web of that community. Its job.

Within the community how are the organisms related to each other

Oranisms are dependent on each other to survive

Producers

What living things have the greatest amount of energy in a community

Behavioral adaptation

A change in the way an organism acts or performs to meet a life need

hygrometer

measures humidity

rain gauge

instrument a forecaster uses to determine the amount of rainfall

barometer

measures air pressure

habitat size

characteristic of a habitat that is dependent on the organisms needs

food, water,shelter, and space

what does the habitat provide for the organism

rainy

what weather conditions can be expected when a barometer is falling.

cold

what term describes the air near a cold ocean current

climate

what term describes the conditions for a very long time

weather

what term describes the conditions in the air for the movement

thermometer

what tool measures the amount of heat in the air

low pressure

what does the "L" on a weather map usually represent

weather vane

what tool measures wind direction

precipitation & temperature

what factors describe climate

anemometer

measures wind speed

wind

when high pressure air moves to low pressure area

weather vane

tool measures wind direction

Low pressure

"L" on a weather map represents

wind speed

an anemometer measures

Precipitation and temperature

factors that describe the climate

atmosphere

the layer of air around the Earth

wind

created when high pressure air moves to an area of low pressure

jet stream

term describing wind at high speeds 6-8 miles above the Earth

condense

when water goes from a vapor to a cloud

evaporate

what water does when it becomes vapor

precipitation

snow, rain, hail, and sleet

How do roots help the plant?

roots anchor the plants & take water & minerals from the soil

What is a structural adaptation for an organism?

A change in a physical part of the organism that helps the organism meets a life need.

In what part of the plant does photosynthesis take place?

leaf

How does photosynthesis work?

Green plants use chlorophyll to produce food using carbon dioxide, waer, nutrients, and sunlight.

What is pollination?

The process by which pollen is transferred from the stamen to the stigma.

What are sepals?

Small leaves that form the housing of the deveoping flower in seed producing plants.

How does the sun's energy cycle through a food web?

The sun's energy cycles from producers to consumers and back into the nutrient pool through decomposers.

What is a niche?

The function that an organism performs in the food web of that community.

Within a community how are the organisms related to eachother?

Organisms are dependent on eachother for survival.

In what type of living things do we find the greatest amount of energy in a community?

Producers

What is a behavorial adaptation?

A change in the way an organism acts or performs to meet a life need.

What does a hygrometer measure?

humidity

What is the instrument a forecaster uses do determine the amount of rainfall?

rain guage

What tool measures air pressure?

barometer

What characteristic of a habitat is dependent on the organism's needs?

the size of the habitat

What does the habitat provide for the organisms'?

it provides food, water, shelter, and space

What weather conditions can be expected when a barometer is falling?

rainy

What term describes the air near a cold ocean current?

cold

What term describes the conditions for a very long time?

climate

What term describes the conditions in the air for the moment?

weather

What tool measures the amount of heat in the air?

thermometer

What does an "L" on a weather map usually represent?

Low pressure

What tool measures wind direction?

weather vane

What factors describe climate?

precipertation & temperature

What does an anemometer measure?

wind speed

What is created when high pressure air moves to an area of low pressure?

wind

What is the layer of air around the Earth called?

atmosphere

What term describes wind at high speeds 6-8 miles above the Earth?

jet stream

What water does when it goes froma vapor to a cloud.

condense

What term describes what water does when it becomes water vapor?

evaporate

What word describes what snow, rain, hail, and sleet are?

precipertation

What is a fierce dark stormy cloud?

Cumulonimbus

What type of cloud is made of heavy, grey layers, and leads to precipertation?

Stratus

What type of cloud is wispy and high up?

Cirrus

Who studys weather and climate?

meteoroligist

What happens to the air the further you get from the planet?

it becomes less dense(the molecules spread out)

What is the amount os moisture in the air called?

humidity

What is the weight of the air called?

air pressure

What is the measure of the amount of heat energy in the air called?

temperature

What is the boundry between air masses of different temperature and humidity?

front

What is the puffy, cotton like, fair weather cloud called?

Cumulus

When does a lunar eclipse occur?

when the moon moves into the Earth's shadow

How often does the moon revolve around the Earth?

once every month

One revolution around the sun is equal to how many days...

365

What is a helpful type of graph that shows changes ina ir temperature?

line graph

Cold air has more or less air pressure?

more

What causes the phases of the moon

the position of the moon relative to the Earth ans the sun

What protects the Earth from the sun's damaging rays

atmosphere

What causes the Earth to experience seasons

axial tiltand the revolution around the sun

When does a solar eclipse occur

when the mooon moves between the sun and the Earth

Which planet is the fifth in order of its orbit around the sun

Jupiter

How many planets are in our solar system

9

What rocky satellite orbits the earth that has no atmosphere, no water, and no life

the moon

How big is the sun

about 110 times the size of the earth

What is earth's closet star

the sun

What characteristic do all four inner planets have in common

Rocky surface

What are the four inner planets

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars

Which planet is the third in order of its orbit around the sun

Earth

How many planets revolve around the sun

nine

What phases are the five basic phases of the moon

new, cresent, gibbous, quarter, full moon

Who believed the sun was the center of our solar system

Copernicus and Galileo

Aristotle and Ptolemy believed what was the center of our solar system

the Earth

How does the Earth's atmosphere protect us

it blocks out the sun's damaging rays

How is the Earth different from the other inner planets

The Earth has large amounts of water and an oxygen rich atmosphere

What is a watershed

an area over which surface water flows to a single collection place

What are some natural resources found in Virginia

Arable land, coal, sand, forest, clean water and air

What is an area over which surface water flows to a single collection place

watershed

Which of these is a natural resource in houses, forests, or wood

Forest

How did NASA Apollo mission contribute to our understanding

it gave us information about the moon

What covers approximately half of Virginia`s land area?

The Chesapeake Bay

What are some minerals found in Virginia

coal, limestone, granite, sand and gravel

Name some water resources

ground water, lakes, reservoirs, rivers, bays, and the Atlantic Ocean

Name two watersheds in Virginia

Chesapeake Bay and Back Bay

Name three types of mineral resources found in Virginia

coal, limestone,granite, sand and gravel

Which water resource of Virginia is partly surrounded by land

Its bays

Which water resource of Virginia is its largest

Atlantic Ocean

What water is completely surrounded by land

A lake

What are widespread resources in Virginia

natural and cultivated forests

How does Virginia use its land for recreation

land is used for city and state parks

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