MVM 6th Grade Social Studies Final - Chapter 5

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physical features

The _____________ of India include the mountain ranges of Hindu Kush and the Himalayas. The two rivers are the Ganges and Indus. The Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal surround India.

Sarswati

Early cities in India grew from villages by 2500 B.C., and the Indus and ____________ valleys contained hundreds of cities.

Harappa

The largest early cities of India were Mohenjo-Daro and _____________,nad each had at leat 35,000 people.

planned cities

The Indian civilization had _______________, which were built according to design. The design included streets that crossed each other in a neat grid. Along the streets were homes, shops and factories. These cities also had large public buildings used for religious and government functions.

pictographs

The Harappan culture had a type of writing that used about ____________ pictographs.

modern day

Figures of animals such as bulls found by archaeologists in the city of Mohenjo-Daro suggest that the Harappan religion may have regarded certain animals holy. These are the same animals that ____________ India regards as holy.

deities

Evidence uncovered by archaeologists suggest that Harappan people also worshiped _________, just as they do in modern day India.

common

Even though the Harappan cities spread across an area about twice the size of Texas, these cities shared a __________ design. This shows how quickly the culture spread.

agriculture

The Harappans gained their wealth from ______________ and trade.

Mesopotamia

The Harappans traded timber, ivory and beads for tin, silver and woolen clothing with____________.

religion

When the Aryans migrated to India, they brought a new _______ that was adopted by many Indian people.

Dravidians

Indian people called _____________ taught Aryans about city life.

caste system

The Aryans brought a society that was organized into two classes to India. This class system developed into what was later called the ___________________.

Brahmanism

The Aryans' religion worshiped many nature deities, and they sacrificed animals in a sacred fire to them. This religion was called ______________, after the names of the Aryan priests.

Rig Veda

The Vedas are four collections of prayers and instructions for the Brahman religion. The most important of the collections is the _______________.

Hinduism

____________ is the modern name for the major religion of India that developed from Brahmanism.

God

Hindus worship many deities, and believe in one supreme _______ or life force.

Vishnu

The three most important deities of the Hindu religion are Brahma, the creator; ____________, the protector, and Shiva, the destroyer.

reincarnation

Hindus believe in _______________, which means each person has many lives.

karma

In Hinduism, the consequences of a person's life, which determine his or her fate it the next life. This is called ________.

individual

Hindus believe that each person connects with god by following their own __________ path.

Buddism

______________ is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, a prince who gave up his wealth and position to understand the meaning of life.

Buddha

Because he had spiritual knowledge, Siddhartha Gautama was called ___________ or "enlightened one".

nirvana

In Buddhism, ______________ is a state of wisdom that breaks the cycle of reincarnations and ends suffering.

dharma

__________ is the collective teachings of the Buddha, often represented by a wheel.

yoga

____________ is an ancient religious tradition that is taught in health clubs today. It is part of the Indian Religious legacy.

Hindus

In India today, four of five people are ____________, and their religion is spread across the world.

meditate

Every day, millions of people from other religions __________ and practice yoga.

influenced

The arts of India have strongly __________ the world, and can be seen in literature, art, sculpture and architecture.

mathematics

India _____________ were among the most advanced in the world.

numeral system

Indian scholars invented the __________________ we use today. They also invented the decimal system and the symbol for zero.

year

One early Indian mathematician figured out the length of a ___________. He also estimated the value of pi.

round

Early Indian astronomers proved that the world was ________ by observing the lunar eclipse.

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