5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- preoperational thinking
- logical extension
- static reasoning
- the basic language learning
- a a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
- b Vygotsky's idea , temporary support that is tailored to a learner's needs and abilities and aimed at helping the learner master the next task in a given learning process
- c after learning a word children use it to describe other objects in the same category
- d cognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible
- e explosion
5 Multiple choice questions
- maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
- 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
- An awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own
- The process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.
- "zone of proximan development"- a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers
5 True/False questions
focus on appearance → a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child ignores all attributes that are not apparent.
children as apprentices → cognitive development is embedded in a social context
curious and observant
limitations of piaget's research → the internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)
egocentrism → The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
irreversibility → the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects