NAME: ________________________

chapter 9 pt III Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. conservation
  2. logical extension
  3. theory-theory
  4. the basic language learning
  5. static reasoning
  1. a the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
  2. b a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
  3. c explosion
    fast-mapping
    overregularization
    extensive practice
  4. d after learning a word children use it to describe other objects in the same category
  5. e the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
  2. The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
  3. cognitive development is embedded in a social context
    curious and observant
    ask questions
  4. An awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own
  5. the quality of being irreversible (once done it cannot be changed)

5 True/False Questions

  1. critical perioda time when a certain development must happen if it is ever to happen

          

  2. vygotskytheorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.

          

  3. ZPDtheorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.

          

  4. preoperational thinkingcognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible

          

  5. overregulizationa function of speech by which a person's cognitive skills are refined and extended through both formal instruction and casual conversation.

          

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