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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. preoperational thinking
  2. logical extension
  3. static reasoning
  4. scaffolding
  5. the basic language learning
  1. a a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
  2. b Vygotsky's idea , temporary support that is tailored to a learner's needs and abilities and aimed at helping the learner master the next task in a given learning process
  3. c after learning a word children use it to describe other objects in the same category
  4. d cognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible
  5. e explosion
    extensive practice

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
  2. 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
  3. An awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own
  4. The process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.
  5. "zone of proximan development"- a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers

5 True/False questions

  1. focus on appearancea characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child ignores all attributes that are not apparent.


  2. children as apprenticescognitive development is embedded in a social context
    curious and observant
    ask questions


  3. limitations of piaget's researchthe internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)


  4. egocentrismThe tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.


  5. irreversibilitythe principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects


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