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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. sensitive period
  2. vygotsky
  3. guided participation
  4. ZPD
  5. preoperational thinking
  1. a "zone of proximan development"- a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers
  2. b cognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible
  3. c theorist focused on the social world of people when explaining cognitive development.
  4. d the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
  5. e a limited developmental phase when certain behaviors can be learned

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Vygotsky's term for a person whose cognition is stimulated and directed by older and more skilled members of society
  2. cognitive development is embedded in a social context
    curious and observant
    ask questions
  3. the quality of being irreversible (once done it cannot be changed)
  4. after learning a word children use it to describe other objects in the same category
  5. a time when a certain development must happen if it is ever to happen

5 True/False Questions

  1. egocentrismThe tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.


  2. theory-theoryAn awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own


  3. theory of mindAn awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own


  4. piagettheorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.


  5. focus on appearanceThe process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.


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