← chapter 9 pt III Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- logical extension
- the basic language learning
- static reasoning
- a the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
- b a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
- c explosion
- d after learning a word children use it to describe other objects in the same category
- e the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
- The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
- cognitive development is embedded in a social context
curious and observant
- An awareness that other people's thoughts are different from your own
- the quality of being irreversible (once done it cannot be changed)
5 True/False Questions
critical period → a time when a certain development must happen if it is ever to happen
vygotsky → theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.
ZPD → theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.
preoperational thinking → cognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible
overregulization → a function of speech by which a person's cognitive skills are refined and extended through both formal instruction and casual conversation.