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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. static reasoning
  2. conservation
  3. sensitive period
  4. ZPD
  5. contextual influences
  1. a "zone of proximan development"- a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers
  2. b maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
  3. c the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
  4. d a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
  5. e a limited developmental phase when certain behaviors can be learned

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
  2. the quality of being irreversible (once done it cannot be changed)
  3. Vygotsky's idea , temporary support that is tailored to a learner's needs and abilities and aimed at helping the learner master the next task in a given learning process
  4. The process by which children map a word onto an underlying concept after only one exposure to the word.
  5. the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)

5 True/False questions

  1. apprentice in thinkingcognitive development between the ages of about 2 and 6; it includes languages and imagination (in addition to the senses and motor skills of infancy), but logical, operational thinking is not yet possible

          

  2. the basic language learninga characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be

          

  3. critical perioda time when a certain development must happen if it is ever to happen

          

  4. private speechthe internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)

          

  5. centrationThe tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.

          

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