← chapter 9 pt III Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- apprentice in thinking
- children as apprentices
- focus on appearance
- a Vygotsky's term for a person whose cognition is stimulated and directed by older and more skilled members of society
- b cognitive development is embedded in a social context
curious and observant
- c "zone of proximan development"- a range of tasks too difficult for the child to do alone but possible with the help of adults and more skilled peers
- d a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child ignores all attributes that are not apparent.
- e the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
- Vygotsky's idea , temporary support that is tailored to a learner's needs and abilities and aimed at helping the learner master the next task in a given learning process
- maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
- Occurs when grammatical rules are incorrectly generalized to irregular cases where they do not apply. Example: "I hitted the ball."
5 True/False Questions
limitations of piaget's research → just observing may have led him to underestimate what kids can do
language → 24 month (short sentences and limited vocab) 6 year old (understand and discuss almost anything)
fast mapping → The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
private speech → the internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)
sensitive period → a limited developmental phase when certain behaviors can be learned