← chapter 9 pt III Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- limitations of piaget's research
- social mediation
- guided participation
- sensitive period
- a a function of speech by which a person's cognitive skills are refined and extended through both formal instruction and casual conversation.
- b a limited developmental phase when certain behaviors can be learned
- c just observing may have led him to underestimate what kids can do
- d the process by which people learn from others who guide their experiences and explorations
- e theorist that developed a series of stages in which an individual passes during cognitive development.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the idea that children attempt to explain everything they see and hear by constructing theories (where baby's come from)
- a characteristic of preoperational thought in which a young child thinks that nothing changes. Whatever is now has always been and always will be
- maturation of the brain's prefrontal cortex appears to be the reason for the age-related advance in children
- the internal dialogue that occurs when people talk to themselves (either silently or out loud)
5 True/False Questions
irreversibility → the quality of being irreversible (once done it cannot be changed)
centration → The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
scaffolding → The tendency to focus on just one feature of a problem, neglecting other important aspects.
overregulization → the principle (which Piaget believed to be a part of concrete operational reasoning) that properties such as mass, volume, and number remain the same despite changes in the forms of objects
children as apprentices → cognitive development is embedded in a social context
curious and observant