English Final: Rhetoric Devices

11 terms by rudygrace 

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anaphora

repetition of a word/phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses or line

"Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!"

antithesis

opposition of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction

"Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more"

aporia

questioning oneself (or rhetorically asking the audience), often pretending to be in doubt

"The baptism of John, whence was it? From heaven, or of men?"

asyndeton

the absence of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words

"Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils shrunk to this little measure?"

conduplicatio

repetition of a key word over successive phrases or clauses

"We will have difficult times. We've had difficult times in the past. And we will have difficult times in the future."

paralipsis

pretending to omit something by drawing attention to it

"I will not even mention the fact that my opponent was a poor student."

polysyndenton

using conjunctions to emphasize rhythm, and therefore emphasize a certain point

"There were in every community men and women who spoke the language of duty and morality and loyalty and obligation."

rhetorical question

a question that is posed for emphasis, not requiring an answer

"Art thou mad? Is not the truth the truth?"

logos

by appealing to an audience's sense of REASON and LOGIC, the speaker or writer intends to make the audience think clearly about the sensible and/or obvious answer to a problem

pathos

by appealing to the audiences EMOTIONS, the speaker or writer can make the audience feel sorrow, shame, sympathy, embarrassment, anger, excitement, and/or fear

ethos

the overall appeal of the speaker or writer himself; it is important that this person have impressive CREDENTIALS, a notable KNOWLEDGE, and or appear to be LIKEABLE and MORAL person

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