Foreign Policy Study Guide

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Domestic Policy

A policy dealing with internal relations of the country

Foreign Policy

A policy governing international relations

Washington's Farewell Address

Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs and not to make permanent alliances; stay neutral

Monroe Doctrine

Stated that the Western Hemisphere shouldn't have any foreign relations with the Eastern Hemisphere

Western Hemisphere

Consisted of Latin America, the U.S, Canada, and South American Countries

Neutrality

To not be involved with foreign affairs

Manifest Destiny

The belief that God wanted America to grow and expand

Imperialism

A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.

White Man's Burden

Americans thought that whites were the superior race, and that it was a chore to educate and assimilate the non-whites that lived in the countries they captured.

Idealism

Impracticality by virtue of thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are

Self-Interest

One's own personal gain

Annex

To take control of; to add

Spheres of Influence

Areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly.

Open Door Policy

A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.

Social Darwinism

The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.

Yellow Journalism

Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers

William Randolph Hearst

United States newspaper publisher whose introduction of large headlines and sensational reporting changed American journalism

Joseph Pulitzer

Publisher of "new York World" who used yellow journalism, was very critical of the Spanish

Underlying Causes of Spanish-American War

1) Help Cuba get independence
2) Get Cuban resources

The U.S.S. Maine

American warship in Havana Harbor that appeared to be attacked by an explosion killing hundreds of American sailors. The U.S. blamed Spain for the incident and used it as an excuse to go to war.

Results of Spanish-American War

Cuba was given its independence (not for long! ;D). The US was given the control of the islands of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.

Rough Riders

Volunteer cavalry regiment led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish-American War

Roosevelt Corollary

Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force

Panama Canal

A ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States

Dollar Diplomacy

Term used to describe the efforts of the US to further its foreign policy through use of economic power by gaurenteeing loans to foreign countries

Alliance

A union or association formed for mutual benefit between countries or organizations

Colony

A country or area under the full or partial political control of another country and occupied by settlers from that country

Empire

government in which the head of state is an emperor or empress

Josiah Strong

American Protestant, editor and author. He was one of the founders of the Social Gospel movement

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