Music 201 Final Literature

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Author of Decameron

Boccaccio

Four reactions to plague

Flee, be merry, superstition, isolation

Nickname for Decameron

Human Comedy

Author of the Canterbury Tales

Chaucer

Chaucer's career

well-educated diplomat

Literary transition from medieval to renaissance

Canterbury Tales

Themes of Wife of Bath

misogyny contrary to Christianity; sex is a gift

Time of great vowel shift

Between Chaucer and Shakespeare

Author of The Book of the City of Ladies

Christine de Pisan

Time period of Christine de Pisan

late medieval

Themes of Christine de Pisan

virtues of women; opposes alleged vice of women

What was "The Book of the City of Ladies" patterned after?

Augustine's City of God

Author of Oration on the Dignity of Man

Mirandola

Theme of Oration on the Dignity of Man

humanism, man is glorious pinnacle of creation with agency

How many theses in Oration on the Dignity of Man?

900

Author of The Prince

Machiavelli

Themes of The Prince

Humanist philosophy for secular reform

How to keep power once you've got it

Fake it, swift punishment and small rewards, wisdom and ruthlessness, calculated cruelty, amoral ruler for amoral people

Did catholic church ban The Prince?

Yes

Character named after Machiavelli

Old Nick

Author of The Praise of Folly

Erasmus

Who was Erasmus?

Christian Humanist (Catholics/Protestants didn't like him), friend of Thomas More

Key Points of The Praise of Folly

humanist philosophy for spiritual reform
Scathing satire of church
simple, faith-based church

Author of Defense of the Liberal Instruction for Women

Cereta

How to identify Cereta

Feel like you're being attacked

Author of The Courtier

Castiglione

Castiglione's style

Style of Plato or Cicero

Castiglione's ideas of chivalry

classical virtues, humanist learning, strong ethics, courteous, skilled fighter, well-spoken

What is The Courtier

Handbook for wealthy, aristocrats, elites

Author of The Autobiography

Cellini

Who was Cellini?

Florentine goldsmith, sculptor, adventurer

Key Points of The Autobiography

Fathered 8 children with various women
Banished from Florence for sodomy
Murdered a man in Rome
Insight into sculpting process
Very egotistical in description of casting Perseus

Author of Of Cannibals

Montaigne

Montaigne essays

Collection of essays in response to St. Bartholomew's Day massacre (slaughter of thousands of French Protestants)
Personal musings on literature
Holy war vs. noble savage

Author of Enchiridion

Martin Luther

Enchiridion

handbook for religious teachers in reformation, question-answer format, how to teach the 10 commandments

Author of Hamlet

Shakespeare

Who was Shakespeare

Greatest Writer of english history
Histories, tragedies, comedies
classical antiquity, supernatural
Renaissance and Baroque elements
Innovations in English

Key points in Hamlet

lots of word play, idea of "play-acting"

Author of Paradise Lost

Milton

Key points of Paradise Lost

Last epic poem, first novel?
Omniscient narrator
Makes Satan seem like wronged hero
Brings together Revelation and Genesis
Depicts Hell as city of gold and art

Author of Leviathon

Hobbes

Who was Hobbes

English Philosopher in Baroque period, enthusiastic for authority of law and monarchy

Hobbes' ideas

cynical view of man's natural state: solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short, needs strong government

Author of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Locke

Writer who came after Hobbes

Locke

Locke's writing style

calculated, rational, thorough, wordy

Locke's ideas

argues against innate understanding
knowledge and ideas from perceptions
no predestination
antimonarchial
influenced Enlightenment

Author of Tartuffe

Moliere

Tartuffe

Character who claims to be religious ascetic, yet is highly sensual

Plot of Tartuffe

Character deceives 1 into giving him his fortune. 1's wife tries to expose Character. 1 is oblivious and wants to adopt Character. 1 catches on and Character nearly evicts 1.

Goal of Tartuffe

deflate pretense, depict characters as victims to flaws

Author of Don Quixote

Cervantes

Points about Don Quixote

satire of chivalry
reality vs. fantasy, art vs. life
comedy and tragedy
Lady Dulcinea and Wagon of the Parliament of Death
Dies in disillusionment
best novel in the Spanish language

Author of Canonization

Donne

points about John Donne

educated, clever
member of Parliament
worldly early career, subdued later
wrote of human experience: sexuality, mortality, soul
physical passion and religion intensity

What kind of poet was Donne?

Metaphysical poet

Points about Canonization

contains both religious and erotic elements
Death metaphor for consummation of love
religious metaphor (canonization) for consummation

Author of The Wounds of Our Crucified Lord

Crashaw

How metaphysical poets work

combined 2 dissimilar ideas to explore deeper symbolism

Points about Crashaw

obsessed with pain and suffering
Violent rejection of Puritanism and embracing of Catholicism
virtuoso literary devices
Fuses religious fervor and eroticism

Points about Wounds of Our Crucified Lord

Image of Christ's wounds as mouths
Wounds and kisses literally blend

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