CHAPTER 43

Created by melrow78 

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ASSISTING IN NEUROLOGY AND MENTAL HEALTH

ANOMALIES

DEFORMITIES OR DEVIATIONS FROM A NORMAL CONDITION, RESULTING FROM FAULTY DEVELOPMENT OF A FETUS

ATAXIA

FAILURE OR IRREGULARITY OF MUSCLE ACTIONS AND COORDINATION

ATROPHY

DECREASE IN THE SIZE OF A NORMALLY DEVELOPED ORGAN

AURA

PECULIAR SENSATION PRECEDING THE APPEARANCE OF A MORE DEFINITE DISTURBANCE

BENIGN

NOT CANCEROUS AND NOT RECURRING

BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER

AN ANATOMIC-PHYSIOLOGIC STRUCTURE MADE UP OF A ASTROCYTE GLIAL CELLS THAT PREVENTS OR SLOWS THE TRANSFER OF CHEMICALS INTO THE NEURONS OF THE CNS

COMA

AN UNCONSCIOUS STATE FROM WHICH THE PATIENT CANNOT BE AROUSED

COMPRESSION

THE STATE OF BEING PRESSED TOGETHER

CONTRALATERAL

PERTAINING TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE BODY

CRYPTOGENIC

HAVING A HIDDEN ORIGIN

EMBOLUS

FOREIGN MATERIAL BLOCKING A BLOOD VESSEL, FREQUENTLY A BLOOD CLOT THAT HAS BROKEN AWAY FROM SOME OTHER PART OF THE BODY

EXACERBATION

WORSENING OF DISEASE SYMPTOMS

GAIT

HOW A PERSON WALKS

HOMEOSTASIS

MAINTAINING CONSTANT INTERNAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS COMPATIBLE WITH LIFE

IDIOPATHIC

OF UNKNOWN CAUSE

IPSILATERAL

PERTAINING TO THE SAME SIDE OF THE BODY

MALIGNANT

CANCEROUS

MYELIN SHEATH

SEGMENTED, FATTY TISSUE THAT WRAPS AROUND THE AXON OF THE NERVE CELL AND ACTS AS AN ELECTRICAL INSULATOR TO SPEED THE CONDUCTION OF NERVE IMPULSES

OCCLUSION

COMPLETE BLOCKING OFF OF AN OPENING

PAPILLEDEMA

SWELLING OF THE OPTIC DISC FROM INCREASED INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE

PARESTHESIA

ABNORMAL SENSATION OF BURNING, PRICKLING OR STINGING

PAROXYSMAL

PERTAINING TO A SUDDEN RECURRENT SPASM OF SYMPTOMS

PLAQUE

ABNORMAL ACCUMULATION OF A FATTY SUBSTANCE

RADIOPAQUE

SUBSTANCE THAT CAN EASILY BE VISUALIZED ON AN X-RAY FILM

REMISSION

LESSENING IN THE SEVERITY OF A DISEASE OR SYMPTOMS

SYNCOPE

FAINTING

THROMBUS

BLOOD CLOT

TRANSECTION

CROSS-SECTION; DIVISION MADE BY CUTTING ACROSS

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