Anatomy Final

Created by MisterJiggley 

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hypoxia

Insufficient oxygen in the cells

fibrinogen

plasma protein that functions in clothing

plasma

the fluid portion of blood or lymph containing proteins, salts, and other substances

serum

the liquid portion of plasma remaining after the proteins involved in clotting are removed

platelet

a cell fragment suspended in plasma that functions in blood clotting

hemoglobin

the oxygen-binding red pigment of erythrocytes

hemolysis

the destruction of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin

leukocyte

another term for white blood cell

leukopenia

having a depressed white cell count

erythrocyte

another term for red blood cell

antibodies

What do gamma globulins serve as?

transferrin

this hormone regulates red blood cell manufacture

iron deficiency

the most common cause of anemia

neutrophils

also referred to as polymorphs

eosinophils

release enzymes that destroy histamine

basophils

contain heparin, an anticlotting chemical

monocytes

become macrophages after they leave the blood

lymphocytes

also release enzymes that destroy histamine

platelets

small fragments of cytoplasm that detach from megakaryocytes

releasing chemicals that promote clotting

platelets help stop bleeding by

activates other platelets

before a platelet plug can be formed, platelets release ADP which

hemolysis of the red blood cells

this occurs in a transfusion reaction

B, A

If your blood type is B, your red cells are coated with type __ antigen and you have type __ antibody

lack A and B antigens

people with type o blood are referred to as universal donors because they

erythroblastosis fetalis

can occur when an Rh positive man and an Rh negative woman produce and Rh positive baby

liver

where excess iron in the bone marrow is stored

albumins

the portion of plasma proteins responsible for transporting hormones and fatty acids

microcytic and hypochronic

the red blood cells tend to be this in iron-deficiency anemia

platelets

these release ADP which aids in blood clotting

antibodies

people with type AB blood lack A and B __

alpha chains and beta chains

The polypeptide units of hemoglobin are known as __ and __

hematocrit

% of red blood cells to total blood volume is known as __

rouleaux

rolls of red blood cells stacked like coins

leukocytosis

white blood cells are apt to increase in bacterial infections in this condition

leukopenia

in this condition, white blood cells in viral infections are apt to decrease

reticulocyte

a red blood cell without a nucleus and with a persistent ER

fibrin

in blood clotting, prothrombin acts as an enzyme to convert fibrinogen to this

atherosclerotic

high levels of carboxyhemoglobin are associated with increased incidence of this __ disease

intrinsic pathway

this is activated in blood clotting when the blood itself is injured

extrinsic pathway

this is activated when a blood vessel wall is damaged

aplastic

in __ anemia the bone marrow is damaged and fails to function normally

thrombus

a stationary clot that forms within a blood vessel

rh

__ incompatibility may cause erythroblastosis fetalis

polycythemia

this may develop when insufficient oxygen is present in the tissues

stab

a horseshoe shaped neutrophil also knokwn as a band

thalassemia

blood disorder common among people of greek or italian extraction

folic acid

pernicious anemia is treated with large amounts of vitamin b12 and this

histamines

eosinophils help in allergic reactions by releasing enzymes that destroy __

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