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Among the developments that transformed nineteenth-century Europe were

a shift from farming to industry

Romanticism was a rebellion against all the following EXCEPT

Religious authority

The poet __________ argues in his "Ode on a Grecian Urn" that pleasure is fleeting and that art alone records the pleasure of past experiences.

Keats

Emerson's statement (from the essay Nature), "There [in the woods] I feel that nothing can befall me in life—no disgrace, no calamity. . . , which nature cannot repair" is most reminiscent of

Wordsworth

The author who retreated to isolated Walden Pond in Massachusetts to write what he called "a handbook for living" was

Thoreau

The form of poetry that breaks with traditional meters and is based on irregular rhythmic patterns is called

free verse

Hegel's notion of dialectical principles greatly influenced the theories of

Karl Marx

Darwin's conception of evolution cannot work without presuming one of the following.

Hegel's dialectic

Darwin's theories met with strong opposition because of ALL BUT ONE of the following reasons

they seemed to underline traditional morality

The misinterpretation of Darwin by which the "survival of the fittest" is applied to social groups instead of to species is called

social Darwinism

T or F. Emerson's experience of nature includes the phrases "all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eyeball; I am nothing." This sentiment does NOT seem to be present in Walt Whitman.

false

T or F.Hegel's conception of freedom finds its ultimate perfection in the individual and not in the state.

true

T or F. Social Darwinists used the theory of evolution to justify imperialism and economic exploitation.

true

The feeling of loyalty to a specific territory, whose inhabitants shared a common language and culture, is called _________.

nationalism?

The poet whose "Tintern Abbey" exalts the beneficent value of nature is __________.

William Wordsworth

The American romantics who believed that knowledge gained through intuition surpassed knowledge gained through reasoning were called __________.

The American Transcendentalists

The American romantic who developed the notion of passive resistance later adopted by Gandhi and Martin Luther King was __________.

Henry David Thoreau

The process by which a condition (thesis) generates an opposite condition (antithesis) to produce a synthesis is called __________.

dialectic

The idea that species flourish because they are able to preserve certain traits that enable them to survive is called __________.

natural selection

Fiero, Figure 27.7, Turner, Snowstorm: Steamboat Off Harbour's Mouth. The view of nature held by the writers in this chapter that we might most closely associate with this painting is that of

Wordsworth

Fiero, Reading 5.1, Wordsworth, "Tintern Abbey." The "Dorothy episode" of this poem serves to underscore

that the poet finds his youthful self in his sister

Fiero, Reading 5.2, Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind." In the fifth stanza, the speaker locates his own time of life in a comparison with the cycle of nature's seasons, namely,

fall

Fiero, Reading 5.6, Thoreau, Walden, lines 50-55. Thoreau states how other people view the goal of human life. That other view most closely resembles the view of human destiny of

the Christian Middle Ages

Fiero, Reading 5.6, Thoreau, Walden. Thoreau's very last question might have special appeal to which one of the following?

emerson ?

T or F. Fiero, Figure 27.11, Thomas Cole, The Oxbow. The relationship of the human figures in this painting to the rest of the natural world is reminiscent of the attitude of Chinese landscape painters.

false

Fiero, Figure 27.3, Poet on a Mountain Top by Shen Zhou. Part of the charm of landscapes at this scale comes from the effect of miniatures—here a fingernail-size poet in a miniature landscape. In this chapter, a similar effect is made in words alone by

Shen Fu

An aspect of romantic fascination with unspoiled nature and "natural man" in America was the portrayal of Native Americans by the painter

George Catlin

Fiero, Figure 27.17, Quilt. The dominant images in this artifact are

flowers

Edward Hicks' painting, Peaceable Kingdom, symbolizes

natural innocence and peace

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