-conflicts between the U.S. + S.U.
-struggle over political differences carried on by means short of military action or war
-war of words + tensions, but no direct fighting
-represented Europe's division into mostly democratic Western Europe + Communist Eastern Europe
-foreign policy Truman adopted
-directed at blocking Soviet influence + stopping expansion of communism
-policies included forming alliances + helping weak countries resist Soviet advances
-assistance program (aid to European countries)
-would provide: food, machinery, + other materials to rebuild Western Europe
-Congress voted approval when the communists seized power in Czechoslovakia
-North Atlantic Treaty Organization
-10 Western European nations joined w/ U.S. + Canada to form a defensive military alliance
-an attack on any NATO member would be met w/ armed force by all members of NATO
-alliance of Democratic countries (West)
-S.U. saw NATO as a threat + formed its own alliance
-included S.U., E. Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, + Albania
-alliance of Communist counties (East)
Japanese Successes After WWII
got a democracy
~supported by U.S.
~supported by China
-38th parallel (demilitarized zone)
~line that divides Korea
Mao's 5-year plan (modernize)
Great Leap Forward
-2nd 5-year plan
-failed agricultural + economic 5-year plan in Communist China
~led to starvation
Chinese Cultural Rev.
movement in Communist China that attempted to get rid of "old ways"
~no anti-revolutionary ideas
-led by Chaing Kaishek
-drove out by Communists
-don't want communism
-fled to Taiwan
-industry (& economy)
Collapse of Soviet Union
split into smaller countries
~started to become more democratic
~able to win b/c of the Peasant's support
~goals: economic development & creation of a classless society
-Great Leap Forward
nationalists fled to
-supported by China
-supported by U.S.
~help stop communism in Turkey + Greece
-Chinese communist leader
-won revolution in 1949
-perestroika (economic restructuring)
-became communist's new general secretary
-Politburo members didn't realize they were unleashing another Russian Rev.
-helped make USSR more democratic
What happened to Japan's military following WWII?
-became very impt. for Korean War
What factors contributed to Japan's democratic govt.?
wrote a constitution
Who did the Nationalists represent in China?
What role did Korea play in the Cold War?
conflict/split between communists + democratics
What was the U.N. role in the Korean War?
-helped nationalist S. Korea
-38th parallel (border between N+ S Korea)
~split North + South Korea
What type of govt. did N. Korea follow after the Korean War?
What type of govt. did S. Korea follow after the Korean War?