any disease causing bacteria
organism that passes disease along
has disease and passes it a long
only a host for a short period of time
Where are Marburg and Ebola Virus found?
East and Central Africa
Carrier or known transporter of a virus. (monkeys,birds, bats)
study of spread diseases
Bacillus Anthracis (bacterium)
The causative agent of Marburg haemorrhagic fever. The virus is closely related to Ebola and originates in Uganda and Eastern Congo. Egyptian fruit bats are suspected of being the reservoir host.
RNA. Ebola hemorrhagic fever: life-threatening multi-organ infection with fever, CNS involvement, and bleeding from multiple sites, especially mucus membranes.
Common Cold, Influenza
human and animal virus
the bird flu H5N1 occurs aong wild birds, can be transmitted from birds to humans, and is deadly
caused by varient of H1N1 (influenza)
easily transmitted person-to-person
quadruple reassortment: genes from Asia and European pigs, birds, and humans
86 confirmed pediatric deaths
Spanish Flu Pandemic
1918.......30-100 million people end of WWI troops going home on ships and getting it
mammal with hand like feet (monkey)
more local (city, state)
Vaccine for Ebola?
No, still developing
Would the 1918 Pandemic be different now in 2012?
Yes, much more medical resources however, there are many more people so it could spread faster.
Monkey in Movie Outbreak
Originally from South America
Unit of heredity that is composed of segments of DNA and is passed from parent to offspring
the complete genetic material contained in an individual
How many genes are in the human genome?
How many Chromosomes are in the human Genome?
...a chemical compound that in humans is usually unique to each individual
How is DNA structured?
two strands wrapped around one another in a spiral like structure known as a "double helix"
What is "base pair"?
What is the "Human Genome Project"? and Who was involved?
Mad Cow Disease
A fatal brain disorder prompted by consumption of food containing prions, which are abnormally folded infectious proteins found in the brains and other organs of infected sheep, cows, and other livestock., a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system
an infectious protein particle
A central nervous system disease that causes a slow degeneration - leads to dementia - caused by a small protein particle called a prion
A neurological disorder (brain disease) that affects humans and is caused by prions; characterized by body tremors and shaking
Bovine Spongiform Encephilitis
Mad Cow Disease
When was Sound first used in films?
in about 1926
First step taken in order "to do" science
observe something that elicits a question
Movies First appeared when?
"Snakes!" in Raiders of the Lost Ark were really ...?
Characteristics of Legless Lizards.....
have eyelids,longer tails, drop their tails.
Real Science with a testable hypothesis
Fake Science- no testable hypothesis
"Appeal to Authority"
having a well known person advertise to get the publis attention
Essential to Red-Cokaded Woodpecker
Pine Needles, Dry Climate
species that no longer exists, all individuals have died
Reason why Ivory billed is endagered or extinct while Pileated is doing well?
Ivory billed fed on beetle larvae that became uncommon with loss of forests while Pileated feeds on common ants
Ivory Billed Woodpecker was once known to occur in old growth forests where?
SouthEastern US and Cuba
Now where was the Ivory billed most recently supposedly spotted?
The law that protects the endangered species in the US is...?
Endangered Species Act of 1973
Reports of Ivory billed in Arkansas
discredited....data did not allow other scientists to evaluate the observations and come to the same conclusions
How do male and female ivory billeds differ?
Males havea red crest, females have no red crest
Difference in Ivory vs. Pileated
Pileated is about 2in smaller in height and width. Pileated has a back shield on back, ivory has a white shield on back
Who founded "Smokefree America"
an heir to the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company fortune
What is the most effective way lobbyists influence legislation?
By creating doubts about the scientific evidence provided by their opposition
Which group is anti-smoking and funded by the tobacco companies?
American Legacy Foundation
Which of the following is NOT a business supported lobbying group that attempts to cast doubt on the science behind climate change?
Union of Concerned Scientists
Federal Advisory Committees are only allowed to provide advice to ...?
The Executive branch of govt.
working to change points of view particularly in legislation by creating doubt or by touting benefits (advocating)
Federal Advisory Committee
Committee that advises executive branch on a range of subjects....can be lobbyist USED to be paid but not anymore
spins images on paper in rotating drum; 1834; early motion-picture machine
-used a strip of pictures placed around the inner surface of a spinning cylinder
A moving-picture device, invented by Thomas Edison and his associates in 1892, that allowed one person at a time to watch a motion picture by looking through the viewer.
American lawyer and leader of American Civil Liberties Union. Defense Attorney for popular British Economist Thomas Malthus
William Jennings Bryan
opponent of Darwinism democratic politician- Attorney for Prosecution
Teacher who violated Tennessee Buther Act which prohibited teaching evolution
change over time
English Naturalist 1809-1882
Dayton , Tennessee....verdict-guilty-didnt stand, overturned on technicality
Law against teaching special creation in school, no testable hypothesis=not a science
permanent change in sequence of base pairs-Somatic, Gametic, Gameto-sex cells, sperm cells
Chemicals, Radiation, Heat
Catholic Priest, Father of Genetics
1797-1875 Uniformitarianism; present key to past
the order of characteristic traits(bases) that make up DNA
Building blocks for DNA
A series of nucleotide bases on a strand of DNA