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Krapels 9th Grade English Final Study Guide

irony

The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant. The difference between what appears to be and what actually is true.
ex:

symbol

Person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
ex:

pun

a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings
ex:

foil

A character who is in most ways opposite to the main character (protagonist) or one who is nearly the same as the protagonist. The purpose of the foil character is to emphasize the traits of the main character by contrast only
ex:

personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
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oxymoron

conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
ex:

proverb

a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many people
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monologue

a (usually long) dramatic speech by a single actor
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flashback

a transition (in literary or theatrical works or films) to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
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soliloquy

a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
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climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
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point of view

the perspective from which a story is told
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foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
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conflict

opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
ex:

Mercutio

Cynical and good looking, sophisticated. He makes fun of love and romance, and tempers Romeo's seriousness (foil character).

Lindo Jong

*Joy Luck Club
*mother/ Lindo's daughter is Waverly. Lindo has invisible strength. Invisible Strength is the power of hiding one's thoughts until the time is ripe to reveal them, and of believing in one's inner force even when one finds oneself at a disadvantage. (sparknotes) she discovers this in china and uses this to get out of her loveless marriage. She wants her daughter Waverly to have these same morals. She eventually regrets wanting to give Waverly both American circumstances and a Chinese character, stating that the two can never successfully combine. Lindo is symbolized as a Fist because of her Invisible Strength.
*Is a member of the Joy Luck Club. She teaches the power of invisible strength to her daughter Waverly, instilling in her the skills that contribute to Waverly's talent in chess. She fears that in trying to give Waverly American opportunities, she may have undermined her daughter's Chinese identity;

Apothecary

...

Waverly Jong

daughter/ Waverly is the daughter of Lindo. Waverly Inherits her mothers invisible strength. Waverly's focus on invisible strength also contributes to a sense of competitiveness: she has a rivalry with Jing-mei. Waverly is not entirely self-centered: she loves her daughter, Shoshana, unconditionally and she has insecurities: she fears her mother's criticism of her fiancé, Rich who is an American. Waverly tends to project her fears and dislikes onto her mother. Waverly doesn't like the way her mother wants her to do things so traditionally. Waverly symbolizes a mirror because she is very self absorbed.

Uchendu

The younger brother of Okonkwo's mother. He receives Okonkwo and his family warmly when they travel to Mbanta and he advises Okonkwo to be grateful for the comfort that his motherland offers him lest he anger the dead—especially his mother, who is buried there. all but one of his six wives are dead and he has buried twenty-two children. He is a peaceful, compromising man and functions as a foil (a character whose emotions or actions highlight, by means of contrast, the emotions or actions of another character) to Okonkwo, who acts impetuously and without thinking

Ogbuefi Ezeudu

The oldest man in the village and one of the most important clan elders and leaders. was a great warrior in his youth and now delivers messages from the Oracle.

Lord Capulet

The patriarch of the Capulet family, father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet, and enemy, for unexplained reasons, of Montague. He truly loves his daughter, though he is not well acquainted with Juliet's thoughts or feelings, and seems to think that what is best for her is a "good" match with Paris. Often prudent, he commands respect and propriety, but he is liable to fly into a rage when either is lacking.

Obierika

Okonkwo's close friend. He looks out for his friend, selling Okonkwo's yams to ensure that Okonkwo won't suffer financial ruin while in exile. He questions some of the tribe's traditional strictures

Suyuan Woo

mother\ Suyuan Woo is Jing-mei's mother and the founder of the Joy Luck Club, a group of women who come together once weekly to play mahjong. From her journey from a war-torn area of China, Suyuan choose to leave her twin daughters,Chwun Yu and Chwun Hwa, for hope of a better future. Her daughter, from her next marriage, June has a lack of communication with her mother. Their is a language barrier and a lot of miscommunications.Suyuan is symbolized as the swan because she wanted her daughter to be her swan. The swan symbolized Suyuan's hopes in America.

Okonkwo

Protagonist, well respected man in Umuofia, 3 wives, 2 barns full of yams, banished after he accidentally kills Ogbuefi Ezeudu's son, hangs himself and he kills messenger, "Roaring Flame",

Romeo

The son and heir of Montague and Lady Montague. A young man of about sixteen, Romeo is handsome, intelligent, and sensitive. Though impulsive and immature, his idealism and passion make him an extremely likable character. He lives in the middle of a violent feud between his family and the Capulets, but he is not at all interested in violence. His only interest is love. At the beginning of the play he is madly in love with a woman named Rosaline, but the instant he lays eyes on Juliet, he falls in love with her and forgets Rosaline. Thus, Shakespeare gives us every reason to question how real Romeo's new love is, but Romeo goes to extremes to prove the seriousness of his feelings. He secretly marries Juliet, the daughter of his father's worst enemy; he happily takes abuse from Tybalt; and he would rather die than live without his beloved. Romeo is also an affectionate and devoted friend to his relative Benvolio, Mercutio, and Friar Lawrence.

Friar Lawrence

A Franciscan friar, friend to both Romeo and Juliet. Kind, civic-minded, a proponent of moderation, and always ready with a plan, Friar Lawrence secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring peace to Verona. As well as being a Catholic holy man, Friar Lawrence is also an expert in the use of seemingly mystical potions and herbs.

Jing-Mei Woo

daughter/ Jing-mei Woo is the main character of The Joy Luck Club. Her mother is Suyuan Woo the founder of the Joy Luck Club. At the end of the book she goes to china to connect with her sisters. By doing this she fulfills her mothers expectations. She believes that her mother's constant criticism of what she does shows that she doesn't love her; but that isn't true. The lobster symbolizes June because the night of the Chinese New Years June picks the worst lobster. This shows June doesn't pick the "Best Quality."

Unoka

Okonkwo's father. of whom Okonkwo has been ashamed since childhood. By the standards of the clan, he was a coward and a spendthrift. He never took a title in his life, he borrowed money from his clansmen, and he rarely repaid his debts. He never became a warrior because he feared the sight of blood. Moreover, he died of an abominable illness. On the positive side, he appears to have been a talented musician and gentle, if idle. He may well have been a dreamer, ill suited to the chauvinistic culture into which he was born

Ezinma

Ekwefi's daughter, an ogbanje, or a child who repeatedly dies and reenters the womb to be reborn, Okonkwo's favorite child, called "Salt" by Obiageli whom she has lots of influence over, "Crystal of Beauty"

Ikemefuna

Given to Umuofia by Mbaino, Okonkwo takes care of him, establishes a strong relationship with Nwoye, Oracle says he must die and Okonkwo slashes him down

Enoch

A fanatical convert to the Christian church in Umuofia. His disrespectful act of ripping the mask off an egwugwu during an annual ceremony to honor the earth deity leads to the climactic clash between the indigenous and colonial justice systems. While Mr. Brown, early on, keeps him in check in the interest of community harmony, Reverend Smith approves of his zealotry.

Mr. Brown

The first white missionary to travel to Umuofia. Mr. Brown institutes a policy of compromise, understanding, and non-aggression between his flock and the clan.

Mr. Smith

is uncompromising and strict. He demands that his converts reject all of their indigenous beliefs, and he shows no respect for indigenous customs or culture. He is the stereotypical white colonialist, and his behavior epitomizes the problems of colonialism. He intentionally provokes his congregation, inciting it to anger and even indirectly, through Enoch, encouraging some fairly serious transgressions.

"egwugwu"

masquerader who impersonates one of the ancestral spirits of the village

Ekwefi

Okonkwo's second wife, Ezinma's mother

Juliet

The daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet. A beautiful thirteen-year-old girl, Juliet begins the play as a naïve child who has thought little about love and marriage, but she grows up quickly upon falling in love with Romeo, the son of her family's great enemy. Because she is a girl in an aristocratic family, she has none of the freedom Romeo has to roam around the city, climb over walls in the middle of the night, or get into swordfights. Nevertheless, she shows amazing courage in trusting her entire life and future to Romeo, even refusing to believe the worst reports about him after he gets involved in a fight with her cousin. Juliet's closest friend and confidant is her Nurse, though she's willing to shut the Nurse out of her life the moment the Nurse turns against Romeo.

Prince Escalus

The Prince of Verona. A kinsman of Mercutio and Paris. As the seat of political power in Verona, he is concerned about maintaining the public peace at all costs.

Montague

Romeo's father, the patriarch of the Montague clan and bitter enemy of Capulet. At the beginning of the play, he is chiefly concerned about Romeo's melancholy.

Capulet Family

One of the two feuding families in Verona, Italy. Juliet is Lord and Lady Capulet's daughter.
Think: julieT = capuleT

Paris

A kinsman of the Prince, and the suitor of Juliet most preferred by Capulet. Once Capulet has promised him he can marry Juliet, he behaves very presumptuous toward, acting as if they are already married.

format parenthetical citations

last name, first name, followed by a period, source, year, month

elements of note card

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proper format for works cited pages

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proper format for works cited page entries

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when it is necessary to cite

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preventing plagiarism

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function of thesis statements

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function of topic sentences

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elements of proper outline

(Roman numerals, Letters)

Subject Verb Agreement

verb must agree in number with the subject (we is plural, so use the verb "are" with it, I is singular, so use the verb "am" with it, "they is" doesn't make sense because the subject is plural and the verb is singular, so change it to "they are")

pronoun/antecedent agreement

Agreement in number and case between a pronoun and its antecedent. Ex. Mary and Susie saw their cousins over the holiday. The pronoun "their" is plural. It agrees with the nouns "Mary and Susie."

correct form of pronouns

...

Irregular Verbs

shows past tense by using a different form of the main verb

Active Passive Voice

when a verb is in the active voice, the subject of the sentence does the action.
In passive voice, the subject receives the action.

Essay on Romeo and Juliet, Things Fall Apart, The Joy Luck Club

Romeo & Juliet by: William Shakespeare
Things Fall Apart by:
The Joy Luck Club by: Amy Tan
*Topic deals with theme that all three have in common that of Parents and their children.
*romeo and juliet -
*things fall apart -
*the joy luck club -

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