BJU Press Cultural Geography Chapter 13

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Sub-Saharan Africa

encompasses all of the lands below the Sahara

savannas

the vegetation of tropical areas with a long dry season; has grasses and scattered drought-resistant trees

Cape of Good Hope

a cape in South Africa

Cape Town

the capital of South Africa and the third-largest city in southern and eastern Africa

Orange River

the longest river in South Africa

Drakensburg Mountains

rises from the coastal plain of Natal to 11,424 ft above sea level in the tiny landlocked country of Lesotho

escarpment

a steep rise from a plain to a plateau

Tugela Falls

the second-highest waterfall in the world, which takes a 3,110-foot plunge on Natal's border with Lesotho

Zulu

the most famous of the Bantu tribes

Boers

the original Dutch farmers, who spread out from Cape Town across the fertile coastal plain

Coloureds

a recognized ethnic group that constitutes about 9% of the population of South Africa

Bantu

a large group (tribe) of central and southern Africans who speak related languages

veldt

a vast savanna located in Africa

Afrikaans

the language that developed when the Boers of South Africa blended their native Dutch with words from African languages such as Zulu

Afrikaners

the Dutch South American's

Transvaal

became the second independent Boer country in the veldt

Limpopo River

became the second independent Boer country in the veldt

Johannesburg

one of the largest cities in South Africa

Pretoria

the fourth-largest city in South Africa, which became the administrative capital of the nation to balance the legislative capital

apartheid

a rigorous policy of racial segregation

Nelson Mandela

president of South Africa in the mid to later 90's and negotiated with De Klerk

Thabana Ntlenyana

the largest mountain in South Africa, rising 11,424 ft

San

bushmen

Kalahari Desert

the sixth -largest desert in the world, lies on the Tropic of Capricorn

Okavango Delta

the largest basin in Boswana creates this Delta

Namib Desert

a desert that stretches eight hundred miles along the Atlantic coast

Skeleton Coast

the nickname of the Northern shore of Namibia, nicknamed for its countless shipwrecks

Cabinda

an isolated region of Angola nor of the Congo River, having valuable petroleum reserves

Zambezi River

rises in southern Zambia and flows across southern Africa to the Indian Ocean

Victoria Falls

lies on the Zambezi near the northwest corner

Great Zimbabwe

the largest stone monument in Africa outside of the Pyramids

Great Rift Valley

the most impressive feature of the plateau in Eastern Africa

Blue Nile

discovered in 1770 by the daring Scottish explorer Robert Bruce in Ethiopia and Sudan

White Nile

discovered in 1862 by John Speke, a British officer located in Sudan

Lake Victoria

largest lake in Africa

Nairobi

capital of Kenya and the center for trade, finance, and communication for East Africa

Swahili

a language spoken by Bantu tribes living along the eastern coast of Africa from Somalia to Mozambique

Masai

the _____ Mara Game Reserve , Kenya's portion of the Serengeti, is home to the ______ tribe

Mount Kilimanjaro

rises to 19,340 ft near the border with Kenya and is also the highest mountain in Africa

Serengeti Plain

has more large land animals than any other place on earth

Horn of Africa

a peninsula shaped like an animal horn in Eastern Africa

Denakil Desert

a desert that is near the hot, dry lowlands of Africa's eastern coast

Ethiopian Highlands

rise to 15,158 ft at Ras Dejen in the far north of Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

stands on the plateau at the center of Ethiopia and also the capital

African Union

became the ________ _____ in 2002, yet the headquarters of it remain in the capital of Ethiopia

Ogaden

the southeastern part of Ethiopia and also one of the hot, dry lowlands along the Ethiopian border

Babal-Mandeb

the twenty-mile-wide entrance to the red sea

cataracts

falls or rapids

Sudd

a large marshland in Sudan that cover an area the size of Maine, and much water is lost through evaporation

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