World History Vocab 1-3

66 terms by abraun07

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prehistory

long period of time before people invented writing

anthropology

story of learning about origins and development of people and their living

culture

the way of life or society. Includes; practices, beliefs, and values

archaeology

study of people from the past and their culture, and cultural remains

Mark Leakey

an anthropologist, searched for clues of the human past in deep canyon in Tanaznia

Olduvai Gorge

dates back to 1.7 and 2.1 million years age. Leakeys searched here for human past

Donald Johnson

an anthropologist. Found hominids in 1974. Named one of the hominids he found "Lucy" after a Beatles song

nomad

early, modern people who move from place to place to find food

animism

what many scholars thought our ancestors believe the world was like and full of

neolithic revolution

the transformation from nomadic to farming life. during this revolution people created new technology, and came up with new skills

domesticate

to raise something in a controlled way, that makes them more suitable for human life

catalhuyuk

one of the first Neolithic villages (located in modern day Turkey)

traditional economy

an economy that relies on habit, ritual, and custom things that do not change

steppe

less fertile land. only dry grasslands, nomadic herders tend cattle and sheep

polytheistic

religion most ancient people were. believing in many gods

pictograph

an object that represents

scribe

a specially trained person who can read and write

cultural diffusion

spreading of ideas, customs, and technology from one person to another

empire

group of states or territories controlled by one ruler

fertile crescent

region of the middle east, known for rich soil and golden wheat fields

mesopotamia

land that lies between the fertile crescent

sumer

place where worlds civilization developed

ziggurat

large stepped platform

cuneiform

earliest know writing system

Hammurabi

king of babylon. controlled down most of mesopotamia

civil law

branch of law that has private rights and matters

Nebuchadnezzar

aggressive and ruthless second king

barter economy

exchanged goods or services for another good or service

Zoroaster

religious Persian thinker

delta

triangular area of land formed by deposits or silt and other materials at the mouth of the river

bureaucracy

system of government that includes departments and ideas of authority

vizier

pharaohs chief master

amon

great lord of the gods

osiris

the god most egyptians related to

akenhaten

devoted his life to the worship of aton.

rosetta stone

black tablet that presents the same passage in hieroglyphics

abraham

man that lived near mesopotamia

david

the strong wise second king of isreal

solomon

davids son

patriarchal

isrealite society

diaspora

the spreading of jews

subcontinent

large landmark that comes out of another continent

monsoon

seasonal wind that regularly blows from a certain direction for a part of the year

harappa

city that archaeologists found in the 1920's

veneration

of/or special regard for cattle

acculturation

blending of two or more cultures

vedas

collection of gyms,chants, rituals, and instructions

rajan

someone who is the most skilled war leader

indra

a god that many people related more to. weapon is the thunderbolt

brahman

single religious or spiritual power that exists beyond many gods

mystics

practiced meditation

atman

an essential self

animsa

nonviolence

castes

social group or groups of people

sect

group

dissent

ideas that are opposed those of the government

loess

fine windblown yellow soil

dynastic cycle

rise or fall of dynasties

feudalism

system of government

confucius

chinese thinker. his teachings were very popular and spread across asia

laozi

chinese thinker, put forward ideas on how to change social order

Shi Huangdi

founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor

Wudi

Chinese emperor who brought the Han dynasty to its greatest strength

expansionism

expanding a country's territory

civil servants

officials in the government

warlords

regional learders with their own armies who control areas

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