Cultural Anthropology

44 terms by lalablanca21

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Kin

Group of people related by blood or marriage; recognized as relatives

Kindred

All of the relatives of a given individual; recognition is key

Affinal Kin

Related through marriage to a new family unit

Consanguinial Kin

Related by birth, not being married into a family

Endogamy

Marry inside the kin group (excepting nuclear family members)

Exogamy

Marry outside the kin group (sometimes characterized as an extension of the incest
taboo)

Fruto Corre

Filmmaker of At Home at Sea in 2006

Bajau

Unusual people and are well known in the Anthropological field; Live in boats and huts on the ocean, many have never set foot on land; Involved in many ethnic conflicts; The Sama and the Badjau are two marginalized groups

Tausug

Belief that they are the reason for conflict; wants to take over authority and the Sama village; seen as disrespectful, arrogant; If they chose to leave, they would ban the Tausugs from their new area

Ifugao

Mountains of Water focused on these people who lived on Luzon Island, Philippines; studied the Bulol (Carvings) / Religion and Colonialism

Siquijor Island

Island that Dumont and his wife stayed on for a year in 1980 to 1981; Visayan Vignettes

Camingawan

The village Auntie Diding lives in

Postmodernism

Belief that human societies are dynamic and changing organizations that change according to current circumstances and are internally contradictory; one cannot remain truly objective in their studies; more of an fragmented view on a certain culture; collect stories from the many different individuals from the culture they are studying to create a collective portrayal in their ethnography

Colonialism

Exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one; Spain and America in the PI

Post-colonialism

When the legacy of colonial rule prevents a former colony from achieving full sovereignty, complete self determination, economic and political independence.

Trobriand Cricket

Spanish brought cricket to the Trobriand Islands; indigenous people formed their own sport by making changes to the original sport formed by the British to create a game appropriated for their people; social competition between tribes

Jean-Paul Dumont

an anthropologist studying the people in the Philippine Island of Siquijor; travels with wife Elli who helps him in his study of the activities that go on in this small village

Ongka

Uses balanced reciprocity and exchanges gift for either money or other pigs; believed that if you did not have any pigs then you were rubbish; prepares for five years to round up and care for the hundreds of pigs in order to achieve a sort of social superiority status among other Big Men of the tribes

Moka

Ceremonial gift exchange of pigs balanced on balanced reciprocity; Headmen have many roles and are individually recognized; Pigs are valued differently according to their contributor; value cannot be stored; it is realized only by the act of exchange

Kwelka

...

Sama

Marginalized group; Islamic; Involved in the Sama-Badjau Revolving Fund where they all meet to become part of the cooperative, so that they may be able to get loans to improve their living conditions

Dumont's Criticisms of Modernism

Culture is fragmented and often contradictory; tend to force coherence; reduce complex individuals into simplistic character; cannot capture the coherence and the continuity of cultural rhetoric, values, and lived experiences; political consequences.

Imperialism

The creation and maintenance of an unequal political, economic, and cultural relationship between territories, often between the dominant country and the less-powerful one

Neolocal

Both bride and groom leave home (US)

Virilocal

Bride goes to groom's family's home

Uxorilocal

Groom goes to bride's family's home

Avunculocal

Both bride and groom go to groom's uncle's family's home

Bilocal

Bride and groom go to either family but are not independent

Duolocal

Separate residences are maintained

Patrilineal

Tracing family lines through the males, or the fathers of the kin group

Highlanders vs Lowlanders

Highlanders are more loyal and resistant to change (culture and stuff) and lowlanders are not so loyal and do change (adaption); Highlanders are loyal, tenacious, unyielding, independent, persevering and politically marginal (vs lowlanders)

Two Paths of Colonialism

Establishment of settler colonies (send out their own population to settle territory; Administrative Dependencies (colonizers make the native people administratively dependent on them through military force)

Cultural Appropriation

Taking a cultural practice of one culture and making it their own; ex. cricket replacing of killing each other; war paint, war dances, how you decorate yourself; reflects what happened to them in the past

Visayas

Range of dialects used in the Philippines; No set language in the Philippines

Auntie Diding

Dumont's main character in the book; The widow whom he stays with during his year on the island of Siquijor, she welcomed them into her home and provided information on the way of life on the island for Dumont

Minay Dalugdug

Married to Ned Pasco

Balbal

A bloodsucking possessed person/spirit; Auntie Diding attempts to "scare" Dumont and this eventually turns into an inside joke that they have between them

Gugma

Intimacy and harmony were the two most important components of the gugma; "as courting devices"

Dalaga pa

An unmarried woman or man in the Philippines; Not yet ready for marriage

Ulaw

Word for a person who is shy or bears shame to their name

Oyo Dagatan

Auntie Diding's first son; the biggest responsibility; Auntie Diding speaks to him as an equal; The more serious of the two brothers

Tropio Quilicot

Educated; did not want to remarry after his wife died so his children can be happy

Ned Pasco

Fisherman and entrepreneur on the island of Siquijor; Member of the higher class and he is a respected name around the island; Married to a nurse named Minay

Soy Duhaylungod

The "man" of Auntie Diding's household, grandson; only one capable to fish and learned the traits from his father, the husband of Auntie Diding's eldest daughter

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