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p. 36-37

Who were the first inhabitants of Brazil?

Indians

Who was the explorer who arrived on Brazil and claimed the land for Portugal?

Pedro Alvares Cabral

What did the new settlers do after they came to Brazil?

Cut down trees and raised sugarcane.

Which people did the settlers use to work in the sugar fields?

The indians. They used them as slaves.

What discovery attracted thousands of Portuguese people to Brazil?

gold and diamonds, coffee and cotton

When did Brazil become an independent nation?

1822

What ended in 1888?

Slavery

In 1889 what did Brazil become?

A republic

Why did many immigrants from other parts of Europe come to Brazil?

To work on farms and mines

What do sugar mills use to produce the electricity they need?

WATER

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