Occurs when a melody starts just before the first downbeat in a meter; also called an upbeat, or pick-up.
Any meter in which the beat divides into threes and subdivides into sixes. The top number of the meter signature will be 6, 9, or 12 (e.g., 9/4 or 6/8).
Rhythmic notation that adds to a note half again its own value (e.g., a dotted half equals a half note plus a quarter note).
A stemmed black note head with one flag. In duple beat divisions, two of these notes divide a quarter-note beat; in triple beat divisions, three of these notes divide a dotted-quarter-note beat.
Located at the beginning of the first line of a musical score, after the clef and key signature, it indicates the beat unit and grouping of beats in the piece or movement; also called a time signature.
Meter in which the beat divides into twos and subdivides into fours. The top number of the meter signature will be 2, 3, or 4 (e.g., 4/8 or 3/2).
A stemmed black note head with two flags. In duple beat divisions, two of these notes divide an eighth-note beat; in triple beat divisions, three of these divide a dotted-eighth-note beat.
Off-beat rhythmic accents created by dots, ties, rests, dynamic markings, or accent marks.
How fast or slow music is played. Examples include adagio (slow), andante (medium speed), and allegro (fast).
A small arc connecting the note heads of two (or more) identical pitches, adding the durations of the notes together.
Occurs when a melody starts just before the first strong beat in a meter; named for the upward lift of the conductor's hand. Another word for anacrusis.