local Hindu rulers
ruling princes in India
Indian troops who served in the British army
descendents of Spanish-born BUT born in Latin America; resented inferior social, political, economic status
Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves and gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British and French.
The most important military leader in the struggle for independence in South America. Born in Venezuela, he led military forces there and in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Jose de San Martin
South American general and statesman, born in Argentina: leader in winning independence for Argentina, Peru, and Chile; protector of Peru
proclaimed independence for Chile and established an autonomous government to rule Chile untill the king was restored
He was the fifth President of the United States. He is the author of the Monroe Doctrine. Proclaimed that the Americas should be closed to future European colonization and free from European interference in sovereign countries' affairs. It further stated the United States' intention to stay neutral in European wars
26th President of the United States
A commodore in the American navy. He forced Japan into opening its doors to trade, thus bringing western influence to Japan while showing American might.
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
captured Constantinople in 1453 and rename it Istanbul; as a result the Byzantine people flee to Italian City-States which becomes a catalyst for the expansion of language and art
Ottoman Sultan from 1876-1909, oversaw period of decline. Overthrown by Young Turk Revolution
Young rebellious people in the Ottoman Empire who forced the Sultan to reform
Dutch settlers in south Africa
Name given to a group of sub-Saharan African peoples whose migrations altered the society of sub-Saharan Africa
This African tribe centralized its rule and adopted new military techniques that challenged the power of the British and the Boers in South Africa.
(reigned 1865-1909) King of Belgium who employed Henry Morton Stanley to help develop commercial ventures and establish a colony called the Congo Free State in the basin of the Congo River
Henry M. Stanley
an enthusiastic journalist who was sent by Leopold II to go to Africa. He established trading signs and planted Leopold's flag everywhere
was a Scottish explorer who explored much of Africa's unchartered interior for thirty years (1813-1873). He was a Scottish missionary and physician. In addition to adding greatly to Europe's knowledge of the continent's geography, he heightened Western awareness of Africa and stimulated Christian missionary activity there.
Modernized Ethiopia and maintained independence from Italy
an English adventurer who made a fortune from diamond mining in South Africa, Britain annexed territories and called them Northern and Southern Rhodesia
British administrator who brought new school system, wrote "Minute on Education" where he stated the English was the supreme language and western civilization the supreme culture.
well-known woman who was an early missionary to Africa (Calabar, now Nigeria)
famous missionary to the New Hebrides Islands in the Pacific
Father of Missions (Missionary to India)
China Inland Mission
Organization founded by J. Hudson Taylor
Dr. Horace Allen
missionary to Korea
Founded the China Inland Mission-missionary
Dr. W. M. Thomson
missionary to the Muslims
Commodore Perry's interpreter in Japan who was a missionary
missionary to India, worked with young girls
missionary to Sumatra (Indonesia)
established the Arabian Mission, became known as the "Apostle to Islam"
Samuel A. Crowther
African who became a Christian & convinced the Anglican Church Missionary Society that the Africans should evangelize the interior
Chinese man who led the revolution against the Manchu Dynasty.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
known for his 100 Days of Reform in China
aunt of Kuang Hsu; helped block 100 Days of Reform
Henry J. T. Palmerston
He said, "It is the business of the Government to open & to secure the roads for the merchant." Foreign Minister of Britain.
Japanese emperor who reformed country by copying western model (but only when appropriate)
Roman Catholic missionary organization
"The Nevius Method" encouraged the Korean church to be self-governing, self-supporting, and self-propagating
British writer who wrote of "the white man's burden" and justified imperialism
Church Missionary Society
Anglican Missionary Group