Medical Terminology Midterm Study Guide

145 terms by kassie_placi2 

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a-,an-

no, without

aden/o

gland

adip/o

fat

andr/o

pain

ante-

before

anter/o

front

anti-

against

arthr/o

joint

balan/o

glans penis

-blast

immature

brady-

slow

cardi/o

heart

cata-

down

-cele

hernia

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

cephal/o

head

cheil/o

lip

-chezia

defecation

cholangi/o

bile vessel

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

chondr/o

cartilage

chrom/o

color

cis/o

to cut

col/o

colon

contra-

against

crani/o

skull

crin/o

to excrete

cry/o

cold

crypt/o

hidden

-cyesis

pregnancy

cyst/o

urinary bladder

cyt/o

cell

-cyte

cell

dactyl/o

fingers, toes

dermat/o

skin

dia-

complete

dips/o

thirst

dors/o

back

-dynia

pain

-ectasis

widening

-ectomy

removal

-emia

blood condition

encephal/o

brain

endo-

within

enter/o

small intestines

epi-

above

erythr/o

red

gastr/o

stomach

-genic

produced by or in

-globin

protein

gloss/o

tongue

glyc/o

sugar

gnos/o

knowledge

-gram

record

-graph

instrument for recording

-graphy

process of recording

gynec/o

women

hemat/o

blood

hemi-

half

hepat/o

liver

hist/o

tissue

hydr/o

water

hyper-

excessive

hypo-

deficient

iatr/o

physician

infra-

below

inguin/o

groin

inter-

between

intra-

within

isch/o

to hold back

-ism

condition

-itis

inflammation

kary/o

nucleus

later/o

side

log/o

study

leuk/o

white

lith/o

stone

-lithiasis

condition of stones

-lithotomy

incision of removal of a stone

-logy

study of

-lysis

breakdown

macro-

large

-malacia

softening

-megaly

enlargement

meta-

change

morph/o

shape, form

mort/o

death

natr/o

sodium

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerves

olig/o

scanty

-oma

tumor

onc/o

tumor

ophthalm/o

eye

-opsy

process of viewing

orch/o

testis

-orexia

appetite

-ose

full of

oste/o

bone

-pathy

disease

-penia

deficiency

peri-

through

-pexy

fixation

-phobia

fear

-phoria

feeling

-plasia

formation

-plasm

formation

-plasty

surgical repair

-pnea

breathing

poly-

many

proct/o

anus and rectum

psych/o

mind

-ptosis

drooping

pyel/o

renal pelvis

radi/o

x-rays

retro-

behind

rhin/o

nose

-rrhage

bursting fourth of blood

sarc/o

flesh

-sclerosis

hardening

-scope

instrument for viewing

seps/o

infection

sialadeno/o

salivary gland

-somes

bodies

somn/o

sleep

-stasis

controlling

steat/o

fat

-stenosis

tightening

stomat/o

mouth

-stomy

incision to form a mouth

sub-

under

tachy-

rapid

terat/o

monster

test/o

testis

-therapy

treatment

-tomy

incision

trans-

through

-tresia

opening

-trophy

development

-type

picture

ur/o

urine

-uria

urination

varic/o

varicose veins

viscer/o

internal organs

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