Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 8

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Appendicular Skeleton

the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs.
- bones of upper & lower extremities
- shoulder & hip girdles

Primary Function of Appendicular Skeleton

Movement

Scapula

either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings, held in place by muclse only slide 2

Hallux

Big Toe

Pollex

Thumb

Flexor Pollicis Lonus

flexes hand and 2nd-5th digits

Clavicle

Subcutaneous bone linking the scapula and sternum

Sternoclavicular Joint

plane joint that lies between the sternal end of each clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum

Acromioclavicular Joint

connects the acromion process & the clavicle, plane joint

Glenohumeral Joint

the articulation point of the humerus and the scapula; aka shoulder joint, ball in socket joint

Ball in Socket Joint

permints movement in all directions and is found in sholders and hips

Frozen Sholder

Rotator Cuff injury that results in decreased range of motion

Rotator Cuff

a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move

RICE

Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation

Sprain

Tear in ligament

Strain

Tear in muscle

*Compartment Syndrome

involves the compression of nerves and blood vessels due to swelling within the enclosed space created by the fascia that separates groups of muscles. Causes ischemia leading to necrosis.

scapular spine

crosses the scapular body before ending at the medial border; divides the convex dorsal surface of the body of the scapula into two regions

Coracoid Process

a protruding projection on the anterior surface just inferior to the lateral aspect of the clavicle

subscapularis muscle

A rotator cuff muscle, originates on subscapular fossa of scapula and inserts on the humerus

*where are fibrocarlagenous joints

pubic, back, head

Brachium

Portion of the arm extending from the shoulder to the elbow

*Where does hemopoesis take place?

Ribs, Vertebrae, & long bone

*axillary nerve damage

will cause person to not be able to abduct arm

*Difference between surgical and anatomical neck

...

Deltoid tuberosity

...

Alma coming off of humerous

The most common cause of fracture to elbow

Carpal Tunnel

inflammation of nerve connecting forearm to the palm of the wrist

Treatment For Carpel Tunnel

Splints

*Ischeal Tuberosity

Comes in contact when you sit down

Chephalic pelvic disposision

Big Head, Small Pelvis

Macrocephalic

having an exceptionally large head and brain

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