Franco- Russian Dual Alliance (le cauchemar des coalitions)
Bismarck is fired, William II refuses to renew the Reinsurance Treaty
Triple Alliance with Italy
Dreikaiserbund, Three Emperor's League- Austria, Russia, Germany
Dual alliance (Austro- German Treaty)
Congress of Berlin, ending the Russo- Turkish war of the Balkans
Russo Turkish war over the Balkans
Treaty of Frankfurt (Feb. 26) , ending the Franco- Prussian war, Creation of the German Empire
France pays off war indemnity of 5 billion francs, starts rebuilding their army
Military Reforms in Prussia, prior to the Danish War
Convention of Gastein ending the Danish war with Schleswig to Prussia and Holstein to Austria, Prussia accuses Austria of breaking this treaty when there was a pro-Augustenburg nationalist meeting in Holstein
Austro- Prussian war, seven weeks war, over prominence in Germany
August 23, 1866
Treaty of Prague
Treaty of London, Frederick of Augustenburg's father renounced claims to the Duchies of Schleswig/ Holstein
The Italian war, Prussia did nothing but William I increased military bc he knew he needed an upperhand over Austria: 6 month training to 3 years
Bismarck is appointed as Minister- President
Franco Prussian war, ending battle = Sedan in 1870, Kruup cannon, 75 mm barrel
Prussia invades Schleswig, Fredrick VII of Denmark dies
July 13, 1870
Ems Telegram, Benedetti
July 14, 1870
Edited version of the Ems Telegram released on Bastille Day
July 19, 1870
French declaration of war
Belgium Document indicating Napoleon III's want of the Rhine signed
July 20, 1870
UK is okay with the Franco- Prussian war bc of the Belgium Document which showed French aggression
pro- Augustenburg meeting in Holstein leads to declaration of war
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