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Naminals

Phylum Porifera

Sponges

Classes in Phylum Cnidaria

Scyphozoa, Anthozoa, Hydrozoa

Bind gut?

Cnidaria,

Gastrovascular cavity?

Cnidaria

Hydrostatic skeleton?

Cnidaria, cephalopoda,

Radial Symmedry

Cnidaria

How many layers of tissue do cndarians have?

2

What do cnidarians use for stinging?

Nematocysts

Digestion is __________ in cndiarians

extracellular

1st phylum to have muscles and nerves?

Cndiaria

Class Anthozoa

Coral and Sea Anemone

Which Class has photosynthetic endosymbionts?

anthozoa

Polyps?

Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa,

Freshwater cnidarians

Hydrozoa

Ctenophores have _________ for feeding instead of nematocysts

ctenes

What is different about ctenophores?

Compete gut

What are the classes of Mollusca?

Bivalvia
Gastropoda
Polypacophora
Cephalopoda

Coelom?

Mollusca, Annelida, Echinodermata, Vertebrata

Bivalvia animals

clams, scallops, oysters, mollusks

Molluscan animals that lack radula

Bivalvia

Molluscan animals that exhibit torsion

gastropoda

Molluscan animals that have 8 overlapping plates and suction to rocks

Polyplacophora (Chitons)

Mollusca that have cephalization, closed circulatory system?

Cephalopoda

Closed circulatory system?

Cephalopoda, Annelida, Vertebrata

The flatworms phyla

Platyhelminthes

1st to have bilateral symmetry?

Platyhelminthes

1st to evolve true mesoderm?

Platyhelminthes

Tripoblastic worms

Platyhelminthes

Classes of Platyhelimthes?

Tubellaria, Trematoda, Mongenea, Cestoda

Simplest flatworms

Tubellaria

Planarians are in this phylum and class

Platyhelminthes , Tubellaria

Have eyespots and flame cells?

Tubellaria

The flukes class and phylum

Phylum Platyhelminthes Class Trematoda

Behavior modification?

Class trematoda, phylum nematomorpha

Class that causes schistosomiasis?

Trematoda

Tapeworms class

Cestoda

Scolex and protoglottids class?

Cestoda

Cuticle?

Nematoda

Complete gut?

Ctenophora, Nematoda, Nemertea, Echinodermata

Ascaris and heartworm Phylum?

Nematoda

Horsehair worms phylum

nematomorpha

Parasitoid phylum

nematomorpha

Segmented worms phylum

Annelida

Have ganglion, circulatory system, nephridia, muscles, true coelom, setae?

Phylum Annelida

Classes of Annelida

Polychaeta, Oligochaeta, Hirudinea, Pogonophora,

Class that has parapodia? What phylum?

Polychaeta, Annelida

Common earthworm class and phylum?

Annelida Oligochaeta

Leech class and phylum

Hirudinea Annelida

Class that has a posterior sucker?

Hirudinea

Ribbon worm phylum?

Nemertea

Simplest phylum with circulatory and vascular system?

Nemertea

Feeds with proboscis?

Nemertea

What phyla has nauplius larvae?

crustacea

What covers the head and thorax of crstacea?

carapace

What are the groups of crustacea?

decapods, isopods, amphipods, copepods, barnacles

What group of crustacean is a lobster?

Decapod

What group of crustacean is a pillbug?

Isopod

What group of crustacean is a sand flea?

Amphipods

What group of crustacean are zooplankton?

copepods

What phylum is first to evolve flight?

Hexapoda

What are the classes of of Hexapoda?

Apterygota, Pterygota, Odontata

What phylum has trachea and spiracles for gas exchange?

Hexapoda

Open circulatory system

Hexapoda

What phylum has malpighian tubules?

Hexapoda

What class are wingless insects (ie. silverfish) in?

Apterygota

What class are winged insects in?

Pterygota

What is the only order of pterygota that cannot fold its wings against its body?

Odontata

What order are the dragonflies in?

Odontata

What phylum are spiders, mites, horseshoe crabs, and sea spiders in?

Chelicerata

What is the sea spider class?

Pycnogonidia

What is the spider class?

Arachnidia

What Phylum has an abdomen and a cephalothorax

Chelicerata

What are claws used for grabbing and shredding food called?

Chelicerae

Pycogonidia lack specialized __________ and _________ systems.

respiratory and excretory

What class has book lungs for gas exchange?

arachnida

What phylum are the centipedes and millipedes in?

Myriapoda

What phylum has a head and a trunk?

Myriapoda

What are the classes of echinodermata?

Echinoidea, Holothuroidea, Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea

What phylum has a water vascular system?

Echinodermata

What phylum has calcified internal skeletons formed from mesoderm?

Echinodermata

Echinodermata lack ______ systems, have rudimentary _______ systems and poorly developed ________ systems

respiratory, circulatory, nervous

What class has the aristotle's lantern for feeding?

Echinoidea

What is the sea urchin and sand dollar class?

Echinoidea

What class has calcareous occicles embedded in body wall?

Holothuroidea

What class is the sea cucumbers?

Holothuroidea

What class exhibits evisceration?

Holothuroidea

What is the sea star class?

Asteroidea

What class is capable of regeneration with the srap gene?

Asteroidea

What class is the brittle stars?

Ophiuroidea

What is the acorn worm phylum?

Hemichordata

What phylum has pharyngeal slits for respiratory structure and burrows?

Hemicordata

Deuterostomes?

Hemichordata

What do all chordates have

Dorsal hollow nerve cord, notochord, post-anal tail

What are the subphyla of chordata?

Urochordata
Cephalochordata
Vertebrata

What groups do the tunicates belong to?

Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata

What phylum includes the most primitive true animal chordates?

Urochordata

Lost nerve cord and notochord in adult form ?

Urochordata

What subphyla are the lancelets?

Cephalochordata

Persistant notochord in adult chordate subphyla?

Cephalochordata (lancelets)

Have myomeres?

Cephalochordata (lancelets)

What are the classes of the Vertebrata (common names)?

Lampreys, placoderms, sharks, bony fish

Have a vertebral column?

Vertebrata

What are the jawless fish?

Lampreys

What are the jawed and heavily armored fish?

Placoderms

Are the placoerms extinct?

Yes

Cartilaginous fishes?

Sharks

Have jaws

Sharks

Trout, salmon, tuna group

bony fish

Have a bone internal skeleton

bony fish

Ancestral form of land animals

Lungfish

Lungfish used ______ as primative lungs

swim bladder

Tetrapod Classes

Amphibia
Reptilia
Aves
Mammalia

Most basic tetrapod

Amphibia

Have amniote egg, water-tight skin, and kidneys that concentrate urine

Reptilia

Have feathers, light bones

Aves

Homeothermy, mammary glands, sweat glands, 4-chambered heart

Mammalia

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