SAT vocab #2

Created by shannenmaghanoy 

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abase (v)

1. to reduce or lower as in rank, office, reputation, or estimation; humble; degrade

alchemy (n)

1. an early combination of magic, chemistry, and philosophy from the Middle Ages, the main purposes of which were to turn base metals into gold and to find the elixir for eternal youth
2. a process or power for turning one thing into a better thing as if by miraculous means

aplomb (n)

1. self-confident assurance; poise
2. the perpendicular, or vertical position

authoritarian (adj)

1. characterized by or favoring absolute obedience to authority, as against individual freedom

bog (n)

1. wet, spongy area of ground, noted for smelly decaying mosses that form peat
2. v. to get stuck in; mired

chagrin (n)

1. strong feelings of embarrassment
2. v. cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of

callow (adj)

1. immature or inexperienced
2. featherless; unfledged
3. n. a recently hatched worker ant

catharsis (n)

1. the act or process of removing strong or violent emotions by expressing them through writing, talking, acting etc.

complacency (n)

1. a feeling of quiet pleasure or security, often while unaware of some potential danger, defect, or the like; self-satisfaction or smug satisfaction with an existing situation

concert (n)

1. a mutual agreement; concord; togetherness of action
2. a music program in which a number of musicians perform together

confluence (n)

1. a flowing together of two or more streams
2. the point of juncture of such streams
3. a coming together of people or things
4. a crowd or throng; assemblage

conventional (adj)

1. growing out of custom or normal usage; customary
2. conforming to accepted standards, rather than natural

deferment (n)

1. a postponement; a putting off to a later time

discourse (n)

1. exchange of ideas, information, etc. usually through talking
2. a long, formal speech or essay on a subject
3. dissertation
4. v. to carry on a talk; confer
5. v. to speak or write formally and at some length

ebb (n)

1. a gradual decline
2. v. flow back or recede; to decline or decay

elusive (adj)

1. eluding clear perception or complete mental grasp; hard to express or define
2. cleverly or skillfully evasive

enigmatic (adj)

1. of or like a puzzle; perplexing; baffling

enjoin (v)

1. to prescribe with authority or emphasis
2. to direct or order to do something

equivocal (adj)

1. capable of being interpreted in more than one way; purposely vague; obscure
2. uncertain; doubtful
3. questionable conduct

exemplary (adj)

1. a model; worthy of imitation
2. serving as a warning
3. acting as a sample, illustration, etc.

facade (n)

1. the front of a building
2. a false, superficial appearance

frenetic (adj)

1. excessively agitated; distraught with fear or violent emotion; frantic

humane (adj)

1. characterized by tenderness, compassion, and sympathy for people and animals, esp. for the suffering or distressed

indecorous (adj)

1. lacking propriety; lacking correctness; not in good taste; unseemly

insolvent (adj)

1. unable to meet debts or discharge liabilities; bankrupt

interject (v)

1. to insert between other things; interpose

lambaste (v)

1. to beat or whip severely; thrash
2. to reprimand or berate harshly; censure; excoriate

languid (adj)

1. lacking vitality; drooping; weak
2. lacking interest
3. indifferent; sluggish

lithe (adj)

1. moving and bending with ease
2. marked by effortless grace

menial (adj)

1. lowly and sometimes degrading
2. servile; submissive
3. pertaining to or suitable for domestic servants

mutter (v)

1. to speak in a low, indistinct voice
2. to complain; to say something in low, angry tones

nostalgia (n)

1. a wistful desire to return in thought or in fact to a former time in one's life, to one's home or homeland, or to one's family and friends; a sentimental yearning for the happiness of a former place or time

odious (adj)

1. deserving or causing hatred, loathing
2. highly offensive; repugnant; disgusting

pariah (n)

1. an undesirable; one despised and rejected by others; an outcast
2. a member of the lowest social caste in India

periphery (n)

1. the edge; an outside boundary line; the perimeter
2. an outside surface, especially of a spherical object
3. the immediate surrounding territory; outskirts

philistine (adj)

1. uncultured and smugly conventional
2. small town people; locals

pluck (n)

1. courage to meet difficulties or danger
2. v. to pull out or pick feathers

prolong (v)

1. to lengthen out in time; extend the duration of; cause to continue longer

prudent (adj)

1. wise in handling practical matters; exercising good judgment or common sense
2. careful in regard to one's own conduct

recapitulate (v)

1. to review by a brief summary, as at the end of a speech or discussion
2. summarize

restitution (n)

1. a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
2. the act of restoring something to its original state
3. getting something back again

ribald (adj)

1. vulgar or indecent in speech

sensual (adj)

1. pertaining to, or inclined to, or preoccupied with the gratification of the senses or the appetites
2. suggesting sexuality
3. lacking in moral or spiritual interests; worldly

setback (n)

1. an unanticipated or sudden check in progress; a change from better to worse

stern (adj)

1. hard, harsh, or severe in manner/character
2. grim, gloomy, or forbidding in appearance or outlook

subdue (v)

1. to conquer and subjugate; vanquish
2. to quiet or bring under control by physical force or persuasion
3. to make less intense or prominent; tone down

thwart (v)

1. to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
2. to frustrate or baffle
3. adj. eager to oppose; perverse

torpid (adj)

1. inactive or sluggish
2. slow; dull; apathetic; lethargic
3. dormant, as a hibernating animal

transparent (adj)

1. capable of being seen through; passing light through so as to be able to distinctly see what is on the other side
2. easily understood; very clear; obvious

turpitude (n)

1. vile, shameful, or base character; depravity
2. any instance of the forgoing

unscathed (adj)

1. not injured or harmed

upshot (n)

1. the final issue, the conclusion, or the result
2. the central idea or point; the gist

vapid (adj)

1. lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor
2. insipid; flat
3. without liveliness or spirit; dull or tedious

viscid (adj)

1. thick and adhesive
2. covered with a sticky or clammy coating

wrath (n)

1. strong, stern, or fierce anger
2. vengeance or punishment as the consequence of anger

opaque (adj)

1. incapable of allowing light to pass through
2. hard to understand; not clear or lucid; obscure

amicable (adj)

1. feeling friendly; demonstrating goodwill; peaceable

enamored (adj)

1. charmed or fascinated
2. filled or inflamed with love

inimical (adj)

1. injurious or harmful in effect
2. unfavorable
3. unfriendly; hostile

paramour (n)

1. a lover, especially one in an adulterous relationship

criminology (n)

1. the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement

decriminalize (v)

1. to reduce or abolish criminal penalties

incriminate (v)

1. to show evidence of involvement in a crime or a fault

recrimination (n)

1. a countercharge against an accuser

approbation (n)

1. an expression of warm approval; praise

disprove (v)

1. to prove to be false or wrong

probity (n)

1. integrity and uprightness; honesty

reprobate (n)

1. a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person
2. a person rejected by God and beyond hope of salvation

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