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break of bulk point

A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another

bulk gaining industry

An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs

bulk reducing industry

An industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs

cottage industry

Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found prior to the Industrial Revolution

fordist production

Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly

industrial revolution

A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods

labor-intensive industry

An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses

maquiladora

Factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico

new international division of labor

Tranfer of some some types of jobs, especialyl those requiring low-paid, less skilled workers, from mroe developed to less developed countries

outsourcing

A decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers

post-fordist production

Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to team that perform a variety of tasks

right to work state

A U.S. state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires worker to join a union as a condition of employment

site factors

Location factors related to the costs of facotrs of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital

situation factors

Location factors related to the transportation of material into and goods from a factory

textile

A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing

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