Body Structure & Directional Terminology

147 terms by alysegilmore 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

SJC SRGT 1201 Ch 2 (2011)

hist/o

tissues

stromal tissue

supportive tissue

parenchymal tissue

does the work

epithelial tissue

internal and external covering for organs

connective tissue

bone, blood, fat

muscular tissue

heart, skeletal and visceral muscles

nervous tissue

provides transmission of information to regulate a variety of functions

organ/o, viscer/o

organ

Apex apic/o

pointed extremity of a conical structure

Body corpor/o, som/o, somat/o

the largest or most important part of an organ

Fundus fund/o

base or deepest part of a hollow organ that is the farthest from the mouth of the organ

Fornix fornic/o

any vaultlike or arched structure

Hilum hil/o

area where nerves and vessels enter or exit an organ

Lumen lumin/o

the space within an artery, vein, intestine or tube

Sinus or Antrum sinus/o or antra

a cavity or channel in bone

Vestibule vestibul/o

a small space or cavity at the beginning of a canal

Antrum antra

any nearly closed cavity or chamber (stomach)

Contra-

opposite; against

Epi-

above; on top of

Ipsi-

same

Meta-

change; beyond

-ium, -um

structure

-ad

in the direction of; toward

Mid-

middle

Dis-

apart; bad; abnormal

Dys-

bad; difficult; painful; abnormal

mal-

bad; ill

cyt/o

cell

Anatomy

study of the structure of the body

Physiology

study of the function of the body

biopsy

process of viewing living tissue that has been removed for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment

necropsy

process of viewing dead tissue

autopsy

process of viewing self; term used commonly for examination of a dead body to determine cause of death

Anterior Ventral

anter/o in front of

Posterior Dorsal

poster/o behind; after

Anteroposterior (AP)

front to back

Posteroanterior (PA)

back to front

Superior Cephalad

cephal/o head

Inferior Caudad

caud/o tail

Medial

medi/o middle

Lateral

later/o side

Ipsilateral

same side

Contralateral

opposite side

Unilateral

one side

Bilateral

two sides

Superficial

on the surface of the body

Deep

away from (below) the surface

Proximal

proxim/o near

Distal

dist/o far

Dextrad

dextr/o to the right

Sinistrad

sinistr/o, levo to the left

Afferent

toward an organ

Efferent

away from an organ

Supine

supination face up

Prone

pronation face down

Palmar

pertaining to palm of hand

Plantar

pertaining to sole of foot

Dorsal cavities

cranial and spinal

Ventral cavities

thoracic (heart & lungs) abdominal (stomach, liver, intestines) pelvic (bladder, reproductive organs)

Mediastinum

mediastin/o space between the lungs

Pleural cavity

space within the double-folded membrane that surrounds the lungs

Abdominal cavity also referred to as

peritoneal cavity

Diaphragm

diaphragm/o, phren/o, diaphragmat/o separates thoracic and abdominal cavities

Peritoneum

peritone/o highly vascular membrane that lines the abdominal cavity

Pelvic cavity

bladder and reproductive organs

Abdominopelvic regions

Left & Right hypochodriac Epigastric Left & Right lumbar Umbilical Left & Right iliac Hypogastric

Abdominopelvic quadrants

RUQ - liver LUQ - stomach & spleen RLQ - appendix & McBurnery's point LLQ - Munro's point

Sagittal plane

separates sides from each other

Midsagittal plane

divides body into equal right & left halves

Frontal or coronal plane

divides body into front and back portions

Transverse plane (cross sectional)

divides the body horizontally into an upper part and lower part

Oblique plane

divides the body as a slanted angle

antrum

antr/o

apex

apic/o

blood

hem/o, hemat/o

body

som/o, somat/o

bone

oste/o, osse/o

cell

cyt/o

dissolve

lys/o

epithelium

epitheli/o

fat

adip/o

fornix

fornic/o

fundus

fund/o

heart muscle

myocardi/o

lumen

lumin/o

muscle

my/o

nerve

neur/o

nipple

thel/o

nucleus

kary/o, nucle/o

organ, viscera

organ/o, viscer/o

ribose

rib/o

sameness

home/o

sinus, cavity

sin/o, sinus/o

skeletal muscle

rhabdomy/o

smooth muscle

leiomy/o

system

system/o

to cast

bol/o

vestibule

vestibul/o

Ana-

up; apart

Cata-

down

-ia, -ism

condition

-plasm

formation

-us

noun ending

bladder

cyst/o, vesic/o

bone marrow, spinal cord

myel/o

hair

pil/o, trich/o

ileum

ile/o

kidney

nephr/o, ren/o

nail

onych/o, ungu/o

ovary

oophor/o, ovari/o

skin

cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o

small intestine

enter/o

stomach

gastr/o

testis

test/o, orchid/o

ureter

ureter/o

urethra

urethr/o

abdomen

abdomin/o, celi/o, lapar/o

cranium, skull

crani/o

dorsal

dors/o

pelvis

pelv/i

peritoneum

peritone/o

pleura

pleur/o

spine

spin/o

sternum

stern/o

thorax

thorac/o

ventral

ventr/o

vertebra

vertebr/o

cartilage

chondr/o

front

front/o

groin

inguin/o

ileum (small intestinal)

ile/o

ilium (pelvic)

ili/o

loin

lumb/o

umbilicus

omphal/o, umbilic/o

Musculoskeletal system

muscles - my/o, myos/o, muscul/o bones - oste/o, osse/o, oss/i joints - arthr/o, articul/o

Integumentary system

skin - derm/o, dermat/o, cutane/o hair - trich/o, pil/o nails - ungu/o, onych/o

Gastrointestinal system

stomach - gastr/o intestines - ile/o, enter/o

Urinary system

kidneys - ren/o, nephr/o bladder - cyst/o, vesic/o ureters, urethra - ureter/o, urethr/o

Reproductive system

ovaries - oophor/o, ovari/o testes - test/o, orchid/o

Blood, Lymphatic, Immune system

blood cells - erythrocyt/o, leukocyt/o, thrombocyt/o

Cardiovascular system

heart - cardi/o, coron/o vessels - srteri/o, ven/o, phleb/o

Respiratory system

lungs - pulmon/o, pneumon/o bronchi - bronch/o trachea - trache/o

Nervous/Behavioral system

brain - encephal/o, cerebr/o nerves - neur/o mind - ment/i, phren/o, psych/o

Special Senses

eyes - ophthalm/o, ocul/o, opt/o ears - ot/o, aur/o

Endocrine system

pancreas - pancreat/o thyroid - thyroid/o

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set