Taylor Fundamentals of Nursing chapter 11

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blended skills and critical thinking throughout the Nursing Process

assess

to systematically and continuously collect, validate and communicate patient data.

concept mapping

instructional strategy that requires learners to identify, graphically display and link key concepts.

critical thinking

thought that is disciplined, comprehensive, based on intellectual standards, and as a result, well reasoned. a systematic way to form and share one's thinking that functions purposefully and exactingly.

critical thinking indicators

evidence based descriptions of behaviors that demonstrate the knowledge, characteristics, and skills that promote critical thinking in clinical practice.

decision making

purposeful, goal directed effort applied in a systematic way to make a choice among alternatives.

evaluate

measurement of the extent to which the patient has achieve the goals specified in the plan of care. factors that positively or negatively influence goal achievement are identified and the plan of care is terminated or revised.

expected outcomes

specific, measurable criteria used to evaluate whether the patient goal has been met.

implement

carry out the plan of care.

intuitive problem solving

direct understanding of a situation based on a background of experience, knowledge and skill that makes expert decision making possible.

nursing diagnoses

actual or potential health problem that an independent nursing intervention can prevent or resolve. actual problems are present. possible problems may be present, but more data is needed to confirm or disconfirm the rpoblem. potential problems may occur. defining characteristics are present as risk factors.

nursing process

five-step systematic method for giving patient care, involves assessing, diagnosing, planning , implementing and evaluating.

plan

establish patient goals to prevent, reduce or resolve the problems identified in the nursing diagnoses and determination of related nursing interventions.

scientific problem solving

systematic problem solving process that involves problem identification, data collection, hypothesis formulation, plan of action, hypothesis testing, interpretation of results and evaluation resulting in conclusion or revision of the study.

standards for critical thinking

clear, precise, specific, accurate, relevant, plausible, consistent, logical, deep, broad, significant, adequate (for the purpose) and fair.

trial-and-error problem solving

method of problem solving that involves testing any number of solutions until one is found that works for that particular problem.

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