Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Hydrochlorothiazide

Increases excretion of Na, Chl, K+, and water. May reduce GFR. Should not be used if pt has preexisting renal disease. Treats HTN and edema. S/E: dizziness, lightheadedness, vertigo, N/V, & anorexia. Most common: orthostatic hypotension. Electrolyte changes: hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypochloremia, and hypercalcemia. Hyperglycemia, increased uric acid. Monitor BP, P, weight, I&O, potassium. Weak diuretic.

Lasix (furosemide)

Excretes Na, Chl, K+, and water. STRONG diuretic. Treats edema from CHF, pulmonary edema, hepatic & renal disease. May be used to treat HTN, especially if hx of renal disease. May cause greater loss of K+. Encourage diet high in K+ or use supplements. Do NOT use if sulfa allergy. Ototoxicity if admin too fast. No more than 10 meq/hr for K+.

Triamterene (Dyrenium)

Promotes Na & water excretion, & reabsorption of K+. Weak by itself, synergistic with other diuretics. Can cause hyperkalemia; high risk in older adults.

Mannitol (Osmitrol)

Draws water into vascular space via osmosis. Allows diuresis. Treats acute renal failure, increased ICP, increased IOP. Adverse effects: May initially induce fluid overload, crystalizes easily - warm water and use filter tubing.

Acetazolamine (Diamox)

Increases loss of Na, K+, bicarbonate, and water. Prevents formation of aqueous humor and decreases IOP. Primarily treats chronic, open angle glaucoma.

Tolterodine (Detrol)

Treats overactive bladder, urinary frequency, and urge incontinence. Adverse effects: dry mouth, HA, and urinary retention.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set