Chapter 6: Skeletal System

Created by raodorizzi 

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Long Bones

Arms and Legs

Short Bones

Wrists and Ankles

Flat Bones

found in ribs and shoulders

Irregular Bones

Spinal column and face

sesamoid bone

Knee Cap

Periosteum

membrane convering surface of long bones

Compact or Cortical bone

hard outer shell of the bone, under periosteum

Cancellous or Spongy Bone

porous bone that contains red bone marrow consisting of red blood cells

Osteoblasts

Immature bone cells, actively produce bone tissue

Osteocytes

mature bone cells

Ossification

The formation of bone

Resorption

Process of removing or digesting old bone tissue

Osteoclasts

large cells that absorb and digest old bone tissue

Bone Head

rounded knob-like end of long bone

Neck

constricted or narrow sextion that connects with the head

Tuberosity

elevated, broad, rounded process of a bone - usually for attachment of muscles or tendons

Trochanter

located below neck of femur

Condyle

knuckle-like projection at the end of a bone

Sulcus

(fissure) groove or depression

Fossa

hollow or shallow concave depression in bone

Foramen

hole within bone that allows blood vessels to pass through

Frontal Bone

bone of the forehead/eye socket

Parietal Bones

(2) bones on the top and upper sides of the skull

Occipital Bone

Bone at the base of the skull

Temporal Bones

(2) bones on the lower sides of the skull by the ears

Sphenoid bone

bone that forms part of base of the skull behind the eyes

Ethmoid Bone

bone behind nasal bone; forms front of base of skull, part of eye orbits and nasal cavity

Mandibular Bone

lower jaw bone

Maxillary Bone

upper jaw bone

Zygomatic Bone

top of cheek (bone)

Lacriminal Bone

corner of eyes (bone)

Sternum

breast bone

Pectoral Girdle

upper extremities are attached here

Clavicle

Collar bone

Scapula

shoulder blade

Humerus

upper arm bone

Radius

lateral lower arm bone

Ulna

medial lower arm bone

Carpals

Wrist bones

Metacarpals

Hand bones

Phalanges

Finger bones

Femur

thigh bone

Patella

knee cap bone

Tibia

shin

Fibula

smaller of two bones of lower leg

Tarsals

ankle bones

Metatarsals

Radiating bones of the foot

Phalanges

Toe bones

Calcaneus

Heel Bone

Ilium

largest and most upper portion of the hip

Ishium

lowest posterior portion of the hip

Pubis

Anterior part of the hip (pubic bones
)

Pubic Symphysis

connection between two pubic bones

osteoporosis

Porous bones - fragile

Osteomyelitis

Bone Infection

osteogenic Sarcoma

Bone Cancer

Idiopathic

(term for) don't know what caused it

Congenital

(term for) present at birth

Pathological

(term for) caused by a disease

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