What are the guiding principles of VanRiper approach?
treat one or a few sounds at a time, a series of steps that progressively train the sound
What are the five steps of the VanRiper approach?
discrimination training, stimulability, sound stabilization, generalization, maintenance
What is discrimination training?
child listens to and discriminates between error and correct production
What are the two types of discrimination training? What are they?
clinician-client (client listens to you and makes judgments) or client-client (listen to self and judge own productions)
What is stimulability or sound elicitation?
teach correct placement/production
What are some stimulability or sound elicitation approaches?
imitation, use of context, moto-kinesthetic, sound approximation or shaping
What is moto-kinesthetic?
teach what is happening with the mouth as they produce the sound
What is sound approximation or shaping?
shape a sound from one phoneme to another
What is sound stabilization?
expanding the production in which the sound occurs
What are the linguistic levels?
isolation, syllable, words, phrases, sentences, conversation
What is generalization?
no more articulation errors, generate more natural practice situations to make production more natural and automatic
What is maintenance?
progressive check-up of client to see that productions remain correct
-1 month, 3 month, 6 month
What is a training deep approach?
a select number of sounds (usually 1 or 2) is taught intensively
What is training broad approach?
simultaneous teaching of multiple targets
What three criteria can determine when it is time to change treatment targets?
flexibility, time, percentage
What is flexibility criterion?
work on a phoneme until a client becomes disinterested
What is time criterion?
work on a target for a certain period of time each session
What is percentage criterion?
work on a sound until a certain percentage is obtained
Speech assignments - give a report, read aloud each day
Speech buddy- listens and gives feedback
clear speech time period- specific times each day
Involve parents- keep data at home, report in each session, keep them informed, involve them in the therapy,
Selecting target behavior that
Will have an immediate and socially significant difference in the communicate and skills of the client--Client Specific.
-Are produced and reinforced at home and in other natural settings
Help expand the communicative skill
Arelinguistically and culturally appropriate for the individual client.- Normative approach.
Choose sounds that
c. occur in key words, or contextual settings
e. occur more frequently
f. affect intelligibility the most
g. inconsistently misprounounced
acquired earlier, part of the child's phonetic inventory