Scientific Method terms

26 terms by russ6258 Teacher

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Observation

to use of your senses to gather quantitative or qualitative information

Inference

a possible explanation for what you observe (that you might assume is true)

Skepticism

an attitude of doubt

Scientific method

the steps scientists use to create explanations based on the evidence they gather

Data

evidence gathered through observations (especially during experiments)

Scientific literacy

understanding basic scientific terms and principles

Science

the methodological studying of the natural world through experimentation and verification of facts.

Fact

true statement

Hypothesis

A simple statement predicting the result of a controlled scientific experiment.

Scientific Law

scientific statement that is well tested, supported, and verifiable.

Qualitative Observations

observations made by the 5 senses. (seeing, feeling, touching, smelling, tasting.)

Quantitative Observations

observations made by using measuring instruments. (number-based observations)

Independent Variable

part of an experiment that the experimenter changes.

Dependent Variable

changes as a result of the changes in the Independent Variable.

Control

a standard to compare with the results in an experiment.

Model

is used to represent things we cannot directly study.

Bias

something that can affect how the results of an experiment are viewed

Graph

visual display of information or data

Manipulated variable

alternative term for independent variable

Responding Variable

alternative term for the dependant variable

Independent

this variable data is plotted on the horizontal (x) axis of a graph

Dependent

this variable data is plotted on the vertical (y) axis of a graph

Replicate

to repeat a research study, usually with different participants and in different situations, to confirm the results of the original study

sample size

The number of subjects used in an experiment or study. Generally, the larger the better.

randomness

the quality of lacking any predictable order or plan,best defense against bias

bar graph

used to display data that is not continuous or without units

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