a trip to the countryside, which Romantics associated with independence, moral clarity, and healthful living. It is sometimes also a psychological voyage to the country of the imagination.
those schools of thought which value feeling and intuition over reason.
the belief that all things can be rationally and reasonably explained using facts and logic.
To the Romantic mind, this was the highest embodiment of the imagination and a direct contrast to science, which destroyed truth.
The term Romantics used to rise above the "dull realities" of life. This was achieved with exotic settings, supernatural folklore, and reflections on the natural world.
The American Novel
A reinforcement of the idealization of the frontier life, this idea revolutionized the nationalist spirit and the idea of frontierism.
James Fenimore Cooper
(1789-1851) an author who explored uniquely American settings and characters: frontier communities, American Indians, backwoodsmen, and the wilderness of western New York and Pennsylvania. He also created the first American heroic figure: Natty Bumppo.
American Romantic Hero
A youthful, innocent, and intelligent character who loves nature, avoids town life, and searches for higher truth in the natural world.
The Bostonian group of poets whose membership included Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, Oliver Wendall Holmes, and James Russell Lowell
The idea that in order to determine the ultimate reality of God, the universe, the self, and other important matters, one must transcend everyday human experience in the everyday world.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
The most influential Transcendentalist, this author believed that Transcendentalism was "the very oldest of thoughts cast into the mold of these new times."
Also considered the "anti-transcendentalists," these authors opposed the optimistic worldviews of their peers and believe that nature was inherently evil, melancholy, and supernatural.
Edgar Allan Poe
The most famous of the Dark Romantics, this author is known for works such as "The Raven," "The Tell-Tale Heart," and "Annabel Lee."