Ethics Study Guide

19 terms by huntsgal 

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philosophy

The love of wisdom; the study of the big question about being , beauty, knowledge and right and wrong as well as the foundational principles of other disiplines

metaphysics

branch of philosophy that studies being

epistemology

branch of philosophy that studies knowledge

ethics

branch of philosophy that studies morality ex beliefs about right and wrong

aesthetics

branch of philosophy that studies beauty

metaethics

branch of ethics that explains meaning and logical structure of moral beliefs;explains what ethics is and whether or not we can do ethics

descriptive ethics

branch of ethics that describes people's ethicl behavior, language, and experiences without making normative judgements about it. a part of phychology or sociology rather than philosophy;not studies in PHI220

normative ethics

branch of ethics that studies the theories that explain the difference betwen right and wrong

applied ethics

branch of ethics that applies normative theories to specific issues such as abortion, euthanasia, punishment, war etc.

philosophies of

smaller branches of philosophy that provide foundational principles of other disiplines, eg; the philosophy of music, law, or math

normative claim

a statement that makes a value judgement

descriptive claim

a statement that descirbes a fact, but makes no value judgement about it

extrinsic value

value that an object possesses only because of it's relationships to other things;eg having a tooth drilled is valuable because it leads to better health

intrinsic value

value of an object possesses in itself, without reference to other objects; eg.happiness is valued in itself, not because we think it will lead to other things

preeminence of reason

an assumption that ethicists make; it says that although people use a variety of tools to approach the world reason is to be privleged over other tools

universal perspective

an assuption that ethicists make; it says that ethicists are looking for universally applicable principles, not just principles that work in individual situations

principle of impartiality

an assumption that ethicists make; it says that everyone must be considered equal

dominance of moral norms

an assumption that ethicists make; it says that moral norms supersede other norms

socratic method

a way of doing philosophy credited to the greek philosopher Socrates;involves dialogue en elenchus; the goal is to make your opponent see that he does not know as much as he thinks he knows;once you both recognize your ignorance, you can proceed together to find the answers

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