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FINAL FINAL FINAL EXAM EXAM EXAM

causes of WWI (general)

imperialism, nationalism, militarism, industrialism, entangling alliances, international anarchy

Allied Forces nickname

Triple Entente

Allied Forces members

Great Britain, USA, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, Serbia, Belgium

spark of WWI

assassination of Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophie

nationalism

patriotic feelings for your country

Central Powers nickname

Triple Alliance

Central Powers members

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire

reasons for US entry into WWI

Lusitania, Zimmerman Letter, undeclared submarine warfare, Russia dropped out

President during WWI

Wilson

Pesident's Peace Plan

14 Points

Treaty of Versailles

ended WWI

League of Nations

international security body

Roaring 20's (general definition)

period following WWI

Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer

directed the controversial Palmer Raids; Red Scare, Palmer Raids, Communism

Sacco & Vanzetti

Italian anarchists assassinated despite lack of evidence

three immigration laws of the 1920's

Emergency Quota Law (1921), Immigration Act (1924), and National Origins Act (1929)

Prohibition (what was it designed to deal with?)

limitation in manufacture, consumption, and transportation of alcohol

Prohibition (what gave it its power?)

18th Amendment, Yolstead Act

Prohibition (what did it result in?)

Temperance Movement, organized crime on the rise

Scopes Monkey Trial (what was it about?)

teaching evolution in school

Scopes Monkey Trial (lawyers)

William Jennings Bryan(prosecution) and Clarence Darrow(defense)

Charles Lindbergh

famous for his non-stop solo flight from NYC to Paris; awarded Medal of Honor; infant son was kidnapped and murdered

G. Marconi

credited as the inventor of the radio

flapper (what was it?)

brash women after WWI; "new breed" of women; wore short skirts, bobbed hair, and listened to jazz

Harlem Renaissance

cultural movement of the 1920's and 30's; "New Negro Movement"; centered in Harlem neighborhood of NYC

President Harding's biggest scandal

Teapot Dome Scandal

Esch Cummins Transportation Act

Railroad Transportation Act; returned railroads to private operation after WWI with much regulation

Washington Naval Conference (what did it deal with)

reduced naval arms after WWI; resulted in Five Powers Treaty, Nine Powers Treaty, etc.

Five Powers Treaty

limited naval construction and prevent an arms race among those victorius in WWI; created naval ratios

Nine Powers Treaty

affirmed the sovereignty and integrity of China

Teapot Dome Scandal

Secretary of Interior rented gov't land to oil companies in return for personal loans and gifts

result of the post-WWI tariffs

Great Depression

Dawes Plan

plan to collect war reparations for Germany

only country to pay off its WWI debt

Finland

first Roman Catholic to run for President

Al Smith

October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday; Stock Market Crash

the Brain Trust (general definition)

advised FDR during his presidency; New Deal

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

highest non-war protective tariff

New Deal (who, what, general definition)

FDR's domestic program for reform

CCC

Civilian Conservation Corps; provided unskilled manual labor

fireside chats

FDR radio speeches

FDIC

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; protected bank deposits

FERA (definition)

Federal Emergency Relief Act; helped states provide aid for unemployed

FERA (leader)

Harry Hopkins

Civil Works Administration

led by Harry Hopkins, provided work/created jobs

Huey Long (his plan)

anti New Deal, "Share our Wealth"

Father Charles Coughlin (his plan)

anti-New Deal, "National Union for Social Justice"

Dr. Francis Townsend

preliminary social security

WPA

led by Harry Hopkins, create jobs dealing with infrastructure

National Recovery Adminstration

provided codes of fair competition and to give labor the right of collective bargaining, blue eagle

Schechter Case

"sick chicken case"; intrastate commerce, NIRA declared unconstitutional

Frances Perkins

Secretary of Labor under FDR; first female cabinet member

Mary Bethune

Black Cabinet

AAA

Agricultural Adjustment Act; aided farmers and regulated crop production

Dust Bowl

occurred in the Midwest due to severe droughts

CIO

Congress of Industrial Organizations; federation of unions that organized workers into industrial unions

Supreme Court Packing Plan

Justices over 70 that won't retire will cause the hiring of new Justices, maxing out at 15 (FDR)

ended the Great Depression

WWII

Tydings-McDuffie Act

gave the Phillipines its independence

Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act

if other countries will lower their trade barriers, the U.S. will do the same

How did Japan become powerful in the Pacific?

invaded Manchuria and bombed cities in China

invasion of Ethipoia

Italy annexed Ethiopia in May 1936

Francisco Franco

director and leader of nationalists in Spanish Civil War; won

Munich Conference (what did it do and who was there?)

Hitler acquires Sudatenland and the world is given a promise; Hitle (Germ.), Mussolini (Italy), Chamberlain (GB), Daladier (France)

appeasement

policy of giving in to Hitler's demands

invasion of Poland

Germany invaded on Sept. 1, 1939; marked the beginning of WWII in Europe

December 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor

U.S. policy of isolationism

stay out of world affairs

Lend-Lease Act

supply war goods to countries at war except for the USSR

"get Germany first" (policy)

strategy to knock out Nazi Germany before taking on the Japanese

internment camps

relocate Japanese after Pearl Harbor; Manzanar

Rosie the Riveter

represents women in the work force during WWII

VJ Day

victory in the Pacific; Japan surrendered

VE Day

victory in Europe; Germany surrendered

European, Pacific/Asian, and African front

victories for the Allies

leapfrogging/island hoppng

strategy to cut off islands' supply lines

Okinawa and Iwojima

last two and most important islands recaptured from Japan in 1945

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

cities hit by an atomic bomb in an effort to the end the war in Asia

G.I. Bill of RIghts

Serviceman's Readjustment Act; education, low-cost mortgages, loans to start businesses, and etc. for WWII veteran

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