to formally withdraw from a union
one of the first African American Regiment organized in the North
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
People who settle in a country they weren't born in.
members of Congress who wanted to fight Great Britain
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
the act of making or becoming a single unit
Required presidential electors to vote separately for president and vice president
Fugitive Slave Law
law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
Ku Klux Klan--Against Blacks, Jews, Catholics. Used terror to control them
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction
Farm crop raised to be sold for money
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while continuing to attack
Confederate States of America
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
internal revenue service; the agency that collects federal income taxes
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
Movement to end slavery
economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
Trail of Tears
The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Civil War Draft
1863-The North was having trouble getting people to volunteer for the army. So they passed a law to create a lottery to pick men and force them to fight. Rich people could pay to avoid the draft.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Plessy V. Ferguson
supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
People who went to California looking for Gold (They left in 1849)
the mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico