History Everything

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Secede

to formally withdraw from a union

54th Regiment

one of the first African American Regiment organized in the North

Emancipation Proclamation

Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free

Immigrants

People who settle in a country they weren't born in.

War Hawks

members of Congress who wanted to fight Great Britain

Blockade

a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy

Union

the act of making or becoming a single unit

12th Amendment

Required presidential electors to vote separately for president and vice president

Fugitive Slave Law

law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists

Middle Passage

a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies

Poll Tax

a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote

KKK

Ku Klux Klan--Against Blacks, Jews, Catholics. Used terror to control them

Mass Production

Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply

Carpetbagger

Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction

Cash Crop

Farm crop raised to be sold for money

Gettysburg Address

a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg

Siege

the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while continuing to attack

Confederate States of America

the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861

IRS

internal revenue service; the agency that collects federal income taxes

Literacy Test

A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote

Abolition

Movement to end slavery

Market Revolution

economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves

Grandfather Clause

A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.

Trail of Tears

The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.

Jim Crow Laws

Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights

Civil War Draft

1863-The North was having trouble getting people to volunteer for the army. So they passed a law to create a lottery to pick men and force them to fight. Rich people could pay to avoid the draft.

13th Amendment

abolished slavery

14th Amendment

Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws

15th Amendment

citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude

Plessy V. Ferguson

supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal

Freedman's Bureau

provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites

Sharecropper

A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.

Plantation

garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth

Popular Sovereignty

people hold the final authority in all matters of government

Forty-Niners

People who went to California looking for Gold (They left in 1849)

Alamo

the mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico

Eli Whitney

invented the cotton gin

Harriet Beecher Stowe

wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin

Thomas Jefferson

Join or Die

Sojourner Truth

Wrote "and ain't i a woman"

Boston Corbett

Killed booth

Lewis and Clarke

explored the louisiana territory, mapping out the new land and describing what they saw

Samuel B. Morse

inventor of the telegraph

Dred Scott

American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the missouri Compromise

Prudence Crandall

abolitionist teacher who began school for African American girls

Samuel Slater

built first spinning mill in Rhode Island was the father of factories

Ullyses S. Grant

was a union general that took control of the west at shilo and memphis

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Co-founded the 1848 Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York also made the declaration of sentiments

Roger Sherman Baldwin

Defended the African Americans in the Amistad Case

Alexander Hamilton

1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.

William Lloyd Garrison

1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.

Clara Barton

Founded the American Red Cross during the civil war

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America

Dorthea Dix

dedicated to improving conditions for the mentally ill. led movement to build new mental hospitals and improve existing ones

Sacajawea

native american woman who served as a guide an interpreter for the lewis and clark expedition

Francis Cabot Lowell

Visited England and returned to the US to open a mill in Mass. that brought spining and weaving in one building in a town named after him

John Adams

America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."

Abe Lincoln

President during Civil war wrote emancipation Proclamation, freed slaves, etc.

General Robert E. Lee

Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army

John Wilkes Booth

United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)

Francis Scott Key

United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812

Nat Turner

United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia

Cinque

main character in amistad

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