Ancient Rome

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104 terms

people who expanded from Etruria

Etruscans

group of craftsmen, merchants, small farmers

plebeians

form of government

republic

Livy wrote stories to teach Romans about virtues.

true

Romans defeated the Greeks in Latium.

false

Two consuls did all of the following EXCEPT

judge cases involving non-citizens.

great landowners, ruling class

patricians

The Romans suffered a serious defeat against Hannibal at Cannae.

true

Romans tried to create an ideal government.

false

a _________ is a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens have the right to vote

republic

for how many years did the etruscans control rome

141 years

less wealthy landholders craftspeople merchants and small farmers

plebeians

the body of laws known as the ________ was one of rome's chief gifts to later generations

Law of Nations

a form of government in which the leader is not monarch and certain citizens can vote

republic

according to the time line which happened first

Etruscans gain control of Rome

how does the author recommend treating conquered peoples

with generosity

who created the building system that allowed rome to develop into a large city

Etruscans

which wars started the roman quest for empire

the Punic Wars

great landowners who became rome's ruling class

patricians

how many years did hadrian rule

21

assassinated by a group of leading senators

Julius Caesar

outright civil war was avoided by compromise between the upper class patricians and the wealthy middle class __________

plebeians

government by three people with equal power

triumvirate

All of the following are true EXCEPT

most romans also spoke greek

according to the passage who sent supplies to antony but did not come in person to fight

the kings of the Medes

what is a being plotted in the passage

the assassination of Caesar

latifundia were large landed estates in italy that mostly used slave labor

true

octavian took control of the government after the

Battle of Actium

contributing to the instability of the roman empire all of the following rulers commited suicide except

Octavian

first Roman emperor

Octavian

Carthaginian general

hannibal

in the roman republic, _________ did not have power in the government

non-citizens

The Pax Romana was a

period of peace and prosperity beginning in 96 CE

which date marks the end of the pax romana or roman peace

A.D. 180

absolute ruler

dictator

general who first forced his troops to swear loyalty to himself rather than the roman government

Marius

upon the death of crassus, ________ refused to step down from power to allow pompey to rule alone

Julius Caesar

antony defeated octavian at the battle of actium in 31 bce

false

after marching on rome and defeating pompey caesar appointed himself ________ and filled the senate with his supporters

dictator

According to the passage what do the Roman senators meet each day to discuss

how to best govern the Roman people

how many layers of material were the roads made of

four

this event that involved horses was the passion of all social classes and bound wealthy and poor together name it

the chariot races

In 73 BCE the gladiator Spartacus

led a slave revolt

Dominant male head of family

paterfamilias

apartments for the poor

insulae

this greek gladiatorial physician gained knowledge of anatomy with immediate access to deceased gladiators. name him.

Galen

Roman sculptors created statues that

were realistic

Virgil wrote the History of Rome

false

the paterfamilias or dominant male was the head of the roman family and

gradually lost power over the course of Roman history

roman architecture incorporated all of the following grecian concepts except

bridge

in the satires horace made fun of human weakness

true

the romans adopted many aspects of greek culture and applied it to their own

all of the above

which material was used in building the Roman roads

all of the above

gladiator who led a massive slave revolt

Spartacus

roman architecture incorporated the

all of the above

what does the author consider a great accomplishment of rome

the destruction of Carthage

form of execution

crucifixion

aeneas was portrayed as an ideal roman

true

although the romans adopted a greek style of art their sculptures were

all of the above

head of the Roman family

paterfamilias

Christian church members

clergy

advocated the violent overthrow of Roman rule

Zealots

the romans adopted christianity as their official religion under theodosius the great

true

The Jewish temple in _________ was destroyed by the Romans after a Jewish revolt

Jerusalem

although christians were persecuted the religion

gained membership

this man tried to bring back the traditional roman religion he renamed greek gods made emperors gods and hoped to bring happiness back to Rome

Augustus

jesus of nazareth taught that you should love your ________ as yourself

neighbor

this is the religion christianity grew from it is also the religion of jesus

Judaism

The Edict of Milan proclaimed

official tolerance of Christianity

Roman persecutions made Christianity all of the following EXCEPT

weaker

Slavery was

common in the ancient world

According to the passage which should not be a concern for people

all of the above

Who did Nero blame for the huge fire which destroyed much of Rome

Christians

Christianity grew for all of these reasons EXCEPT

it included the old Roman gods

________ became the first Christian emperor

Constantine

According to _________ teachings Jews and Greeks were equal

Christian

In Rome boys of the upper class were not expected to learn to read

false

nero blamed christians for the fire that destroyed much of rome this led to greater persecution of Christians in Rome

true

Christianity was especially attractive to

the poor

Constantine became the Roman Empire's

first Christian emperor

Who was Jesus and where was he from?

He was a Jew from Palestine

sacked Rome in 455 CE

the Vandals

This story demonstrates what characteristic of some Roman officials?

cruelty

rapid increase in prices

inflation

Which was not a characteristic of Attila's clothing?

decorative

The political and military reforms of Diocletian and Constantine

greatly enhanced the army and civil service institutions, but drained most of the public funds.

The Western Roman Empire was besieged by all of the following EXCEPT

Carthaginians

Who besieged Rome and then occupied southwest Gaul?

Visigoths

Constantine's capital

Constantinople

the first invasion of rome from the east were from

the Persians

under which emperor did rome adopt christianity as its official religion

Theodosius the Great

peace followed the rule of the severan dynasty

false

Byzantium was eventually renamed Vandalia

false

second part of Christian Bible

New Testament

Diocletian divided the empire

into four units

Constantine called Constantinople New Rome

true

believed the Roman Empire was too large for a single ruler

Diocletian

The _______ were the first invaders to sack Rome

Visigoths

an epidemic disease

plague

Romans were tolerant of other peoples religions unless those religions

threatened public order or morals

theories about why the roman empire declined include all of the following except

tidal wave

in the long run the economic and social policies of diocletian and constantine

stifled the vitality the late empire needed to revive its sagging fortunes

German tribe that sacked Rome

Vandals

diocletian and constantine paved the way for foreign invasion by doing all of the following except

reorganizing the military

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