Ancient North American and African Civilizations

Created by luvblossom 

Upgrade to
remove ads

69 terms

established their capital at Tenochtitlán, on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco

Aztec

Aztec monarch

Montezuma

used both a solar calendar and a sacred calendar for measuring time

Maya

earliest known civilization of Mesoamerica

Olmec

Rulers of the Mayan city-states claimed

to be descended from gods

areas of Mexico and Central America that were civilized before the Spaniards arrived

Mesoamerica

which city was located within the toltec heartland

Tenochtitlan

Mayan cities were built around a central

pyramid

the aztec capital was built on an island in the middle of lake texcoco

Tenochtitlan

Aztec monarch who initially welcomed the Spaniards

Montezuma

The new Aztec kingdom was

a collection of semi-independent territories

conqueror of the Aztec

Cortes

which of the following is not a theory for the decline of the mayan civilization

a lack of invention and adaptation

montezuma II did not attack cortes initially because

he believed Cortes was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl

The largest Mayan city w? over 100,000 inhabitants

Tikal

Aztec god who took the form of a feathered serpent

Quetzalcoatl

The Aztecs practiced human sacrifice in order to

to fight off diseases brought to their civilization by European explorers

the mayans created a sophisticated writing system based on hieroglyphs which

Spanish conquerors made no effort to decipher, deciding instead to burn Mayan books

Aztec religion was based on belief in a struggle between

good and evil

advanced civilization near the Pacific coast, not far south of the border of Ecuador

Moche

The Incan Empire was organized into quarters and clans, each ruled by a prince.

false

records system using knotted string

quipu

conqueror of the Inca capital

Pizarro

conqueror of Atahuallpa

Pizarro

all young inca women were required to serve in the army

false

Pachacuti was their powerful ruler in the 1440s

Inca

The Inca were conquered by Spanish force led by

Pizarro

What was placed over the high alter of the temple at Cuzco

an image of the sun

Based on the map, which of the following statements is true

Incan civilization included former Moche and Chimor lands

disease carried to Mesoamerica by Europeans

smallpox

In what modern-day country was Potosi located

Bolivia

According to the passage, the effect of mining wealth was

to make Spain's king stronger in Europe for awhile

The Inca civilization built their massive army by requiring

that all men join in the service

Machu Picchu was

a city built by the Inca, and serves as the finest example of Incan architecture

Inca women might expect to do any of the following EXPECT

serve in the army

World's largest desert

Sahara

With the capital moved to Meroe, Nubians controlled trade in

both a and b

_________ did not influence early North African civilizations

China

Ancient kingdom located along the fertile land of the upper Nile

Nubia

In contrast to Egyptian art, the art Nubia was more

fluid

Historians can trace the migration of the Bantu people by their

root language

Process by which a desert spreads

desertification

Who was Apendemak

both a and b

Where was Nubian Kingdom located

along the Upper Nile

The Nubian capital of Meroe was important producer of

iron

one of the factors that contributed to the downfall of both the inca and the aztec empires was their

lack of the natural immunity to diseases that the Spanish brought them from Europe

Capital of Songhai

Gao

The kingdoms of Songhai, Ghana, and Mali were all centered around

the gold and salt trade

Which of the following rulers made a hajj that resulted in trading and diplomatic ties between Mali and other Muslim states?

Mansa Musa

Why did the farming villages of West Africa expand?

They began accumulating a surplus of crops

King of Mali

Mansa

Since the Inca lacked a writing system, they

kept records using a system of knotted strings called the quipu

Which of the following leaders set up a Muslim dynasty in Songhai

Askia Muhammad

The largest West African state was forged by

Sonni Ali

All of the following statements are true of Axum EXCEPT:

Axum fell shortly after Africa converted to Islam.

The triangular trade network of 200 B.C. - A.D. 400 was between Africa, the Mediterranean, and __________.

India

The Great Zimbabwe controlled the gold trade in ______.

South Africa

What was the Triangle of Trade

It was a trade network established between Africa, the Mediterranean and India

Kingdom of the Soninke people located between the Niger and Senegal rivers

Ghana

Ethiopians learned Christian traditions from

their Axumite ancestors

Monsoon winds aided trade between East Africa and

India

Which of the following were not discovered in the ruins of Great Zimbabwe

paintings

What religious tradition did the Axumites pass on to the Ethiopians

Christianity

King Ezana of Axum strengthened ties with the Mediterranean world by

converting to Christianity

Capital of inland empire whose name means great stone buildings

Great Zimbabwe

_______ was founded in Ethiopia

The Coptic Church

Axum prospered partly because it had a port on the

Red Sea

Which of the following statements is not a result of Ethiopia interacting with other cultures

The language in Ethiopia blended w/ other African dialiects

Axum conquered and absorbed

Nubia

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

NEW! Voice Recording

Click the mic to start.

Create Set