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vocabulary

incolo, incolere, incolui

to live in, inhabit

institutum, i N

custom

flumen, fluminis N

river

propterea

for this reason, therefore

propterea quod

because

cultus, us M

care; culture, civilization

humanitas, humanitatis A

human nature; kindness; refinement

longissime < longe ADV

by far, far off, far away

minime saepe

least often

commeo, commeare, -avi, -atus

to come and go, go back and forth, go to visit

effemino, are, avi, atus

to make effeminate; to weaken

animus, i M

soul, spirit

pertineo, pertinere, pertinui

to reach to, extend; to pertain, refer to tend

contenenter, ADV

continuously

virtus, virtutis F

courage

praecedo, praecedere, praecessi, praecessurus

to go in front, surpass

fere ADV

almost, approximately

cotidianus, a, um

daily

contendo, ere, contendi, contentus

to stretch, strain, to strive, struggle

finis, finis M

end, boundary; pl: territory

prohibeo, ere, prohibui, prohibitus

to keep someone away from something

obtineo, ere, obtinui, obtentus

to control

initium, i N

beginning

contineo, ere, continui, contentus

to hold together, contain, enclose, border

attingo, ere, attigi, attactus

to touch, reach, extend up to

vergo, vergere,

incline, lie, slope, to turn, be situated, face

septentriones, septentrionum M

the seven oxen = North

extremus, a, um

outermost, farthest

orior, oriri, ortus sum

to rise, arise, begin

inferior, inferioris

lower

occasum < occido

the setting [of the sun]

apud + acc

at the house of, near, with, among

ditissimus

super of dives, divitis, rich

regnum, i N

royal power, rule; kingdomd

cupiditas, cupiditatis, F

desire

induco, inducere, induxi, inductus

to lead on, influence

coniuratio, coniurationis, F

conspsiracy

nobilitas, nobilitatis F

nobility

civitas, civitatis F

citizenship; state, tribe

copia, ae F

supply, abundance; pl resources, forces

exirent, exire, exivi, exitus

to depart

perfacilis, is e

very easy

praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitus + DAT

to stand out, surpass

imperium, i N

power, rule

potior, potiri, potitus sum + abl or gen

to get possession of, get control of

undique ADV

from all sides, in all directions

latus, a, um

broad, wide

altus, a, um

tall, high; deep

fio, fieri, factus sum

to happen

vagor, vagari, vagatus sum

to wander

finitimus, a, um

neighboring; as substantive: neighbor

infero, inferre, intuli, illatus

to bring, carry on, inflict on

bellum inferre

to make war on someone [in DAT]

parte

here it means 'reason'

bello, are, avi, atus

to make war

cupidus, a, um

desirous of + gen; eager to

dolor, doloris M

pain, distress; anger, resentment

adficio, adficere, adfeci, adfectus

to do, treat, affect

pro

in proportion to, relative to

multitudo, multitudinis F

large number, large amount

fortitudo, fortitudinis F

bravery

angustus, a, um

compressed, narrow

arbitror, ari, atus sum

to think

longitudo, longitudinis F

length

mille passus; milia passuum N

mile

latitudo, latitudinis F

width

pateo, patere, patui

to lie open, be accessible; to sgtretch out, extend

adduco, ere, adduxi, adductus

to lead forward, lead on, influence

actoritas, auctoritatis F

prestige

permoveo, ere, permovi, permotus

to move thoroughly; to influence, prevail upon, persuade

iumentum, i N

draft animal

carrus, i M

wagon, cart

quam maximum

as . . . as possible

coemo, coemere

to buy

sementis, sementis F

planating, sowing

suppeto, suppetere, suppetivi, suppetiturus

to be at hand, be availabled

amicitia, ae F

friendship

confirmo, are, avi, atus

to strenghten, establish

biennium, i N

2 year period

profectio, profectionis F

departure

deligo, deligere, delexi, delectus

to choose

legatio, legationis F

diplomatic mission, embassy

suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus

to undertake, take on

item

likewise

principatus, us M

leadership

acceptus

accepted

idem

the same thing

perfacile factu

a very easy thing to do

probo [1]

approve; to prove, demonstrate, show

perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus

to complete

quin + Subj

but that, that

plurimum posse

to be the most powerful

concilio, are, avi, atus

to win over, reconcile; to gain, secure

oratio, orationis F

oration, speech

fides, fidei F

faith, good faith; pledge

ius, iuris N

rightness, justice; legal power, authority

ius iurandum, iuris iurandi N

oath

potens, potentis

powerful

spero [1]

hope

indicium i N

information, disclosure, i.e., through an informant

enuntio, enuntiare, enuntiavi, enuntiatus

to announce, report

mos, moris M

habit, custom

moribus suis

in accordance with their customs

vinculum or vinclum i N

chain

ex vinclis

in chains

causam dicere

to plead a case

cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus

to gather, collect; to force, compel

poenam sequi

be applied to him, to imposed on him

oportet, oportere, oportuit

it is fitting, ought

dictio, dictionis, F

pleading a case

iudicium i N

judgment; trial, court

ad + numbers

about, approximately

cliens, clientis M

client, dependent

obaeratus, i M

debtor

eodem ADV

to the same place

conduco, conducere, conduxi, conductus

to lead together, gather

eripio, eripere, eripui, erep;tus

snatch out; to rescue, save

ob + DO

because of

incito [1]

to spur on, stir up

exsequor, exsequi, excecutus sum

to follow through, carry out

magistratus, us M

official, magistrate

conscisco, consciscere, conscivi, conscitus

to approve, decide upon

sibi mortem consciverit

decided upon death for himself, i.e., committed suicide

nihilio minus ADV

nevertheless

numero

in number

vicus, i M

village

incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus

to burn, set fire to

praeterquam ADV

beyond, besides, except

comburo, comburere, combussi, combustus

to burn up

reditio, reditionis F

return

spes, spei F

hope

tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus

to life, raise; to pick up, take away

subeo, subire, subii or subivi, subiturus

to undergo

mensis, mensis M

month

molita cibaria

ground grain

quisque, quidque

each person, each one, every one

utor, uti, usus sum + abl

to sue, make use of

usi

having made use of = having adopted, after adopting

exuro, exurere, exussi, exustus

to burn up, burn out

una ADV

together

oppugno, [1]

to attack

ascisco, asciscere, ascivi, ascitus

to take, receive, join

omnino

altogether, in all

vix

with difficulty, scarcely

qua [adv]

where, by what route, along which

impendeo, impendere, impendi, impensus

to hang over

perpauci, ae, a

very few

expeditus, a, um

unimpeded, without baggage; available, convenient

paco, are, avi, atus

to pacify

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