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jaye houston's class

Industrial Revolution

rapid development of industry, brought introduction of machinery

Marx's Theory

class distinctions, conflict theory, proletariate/bourgeoise

Weber's Theory

ideal type, measuring stick-yard stick

Durkheim's Theory

solidarity, glue holding society together, suicide solidarity act, socials facts, functionalist

Berger

The world is not as is seems

Mead

the influential role of culture and socialization in gender-role differentation

functionalist Perspective

a sociological approach that emphasizes the way that the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability

Primary Group

a small group characterized by intimate, face- to- face association and cooperation

In Group

any group or category to which people feel they belong

Out Group

a group or category to which people feel they do not belong

Means of Production

facilities and resources for producing goods

Proletariate

workers or working-class people, lowest class of people in ancient Rome (Marxist view)

Bourgeoise

upper class lifestyle(Marxist view)

Division of Labor

worker or group of workers assigned a specialized task in order to increase efficiency

Social Role

various types of roles-a set of expectations for people who occupy given social position or status.

Solidarity Types

crime is functional, division labor/ society competition

Sociological Imagination

an awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past; understand the links between our immediate personal social settings and the remote, impersonal social world that's surrounds us and helps shape us.

Social Interaction

everyday events in which people take one another into account by consciously an unconsciously attaching meaning to a situation, interpreting what others are saying and then responding accordingly.

Social Facts

a belief that we have agreed on as true and became a social norm that wasn't questioned. ex. don't like hairy men or women.

Culture

a way of life, shared ways of doing things and adapting to our environment

Subculture

shares distinctive characteristics of larger culture , culture with in a culture.

Values

a collective conception of what is considered good, desirable, and proper- or bad, undesirable and improper- in a culture.

Beliefs

accepts as something is true or real.

Norms

an established standard of behavior maintained by a society.

Mores

norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society.

Folkways

a norm governing everyday social behavior whose violation raises comparatively little concern

Class

system of social stratification in which individual achievements is of considerable importance.

Caste

system of social stratification based almost entirely on ascription.

Life Chances

Max Weber's term for people's opportunities to provide themselves with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable life experiences.

Socialization

process by which we become members of our society, begins at birth ends at death.

Nature/ Nurture

coincide with each other, the social environment or interactions that make up every person's life, human genetic makeup or biologically inherited traits

Internalization

a process through which we make our society's norms, values, and beliefs our own

Ascribed

a social position that is "assigned" to a person by society without regard for the person's unique talents or characteristics

Achieved

a social positioned attained by a personal largely through his or her own efforts.

Social Stratification

structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society.

Social Categories

caste system, class system, upper class, middle class, working class, lower class, absolute poverty

Life Chances

Max Weber's term for people's opportunities to provide themselves with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable life experiences

Symbolic Gestures

pantomimes that signify actions, facilitate social interactions

Labeling Theory

a theory in attempt to explain why certain people are viewed as deviant

Adaptive Culture

way of operating where change is expected and adapting to those changes is smooth, routine, and seamless

Cultural Relativisim

different norms, values- social context- Afghanistan women

Cultural Lag

the evaluation of a people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture; trouble adapting to a change of culture

Rationalization

choosing the most efficient means to accomplish tasks

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