The victories of _________ united most of western Europe.
__________ was the Frankish ruler that halted the advance of the Muslims in Europe at the Battle of Tours in 732.
Invasions by people such as the Muslims, Slavs, and ___________ helped break down Charlemagne's empire.
In the Frankish kingdoms, the Carolingians replaced the Merovingian dynasty during the reign of __________.
Pepin the Short
After Charlemagne's death, the Empire was raided by __________.
Which of the following statements is true of Charles Martel
Through the Battle of Tours Charles Martel was able to halt the Muslim advance
which of the following statements about the vikings is not true?
They were Germanic tribes and absorbed the Franks under one ruler
which of the following people was called emperor of the romans by the pope
established the Spanish March
fight which halted Muslim advancements
Battle of Tours
Pepin III was the first king of the
After Charlemagne's death his kingdom declined due to all of the following except
the Spanish March collapsed leading to a Viking invasion
The treaty of Verdun
Divided Charlemagne's empire.
The Merovingians were non-Christian Frankish kings
King of the Merovingians
In the feudal system, the person with the least power was the _______________.
All of the following are reasons that peasants has short life expectancies EXCEPT:
Unjust executions of Serfs by the lord.
The _______________required peasants to share their harvests with their lords.
In feudal lands that followed the system of primogeniture, land was passed down by fathers to __________.
In order to determine a person's innocence or guilt, a feudal court might use fire or water to try that person by __________.
grant of land
Primogeniture is the custom of passing on land to the
before they could become a knight young men would learn skills by serving as pages and
the treaty of verdun contributed to the fall of charlemagnes empire
a code of behavior for knights
_______ could not grant fiefs
which of the following did not contribute to the short life expectancy of serfs
Schools established by Charlemagne were
based on Roman schools
__________ were critics of the Church.
__________ occurred when someone was put out of or excluded from the church, and could not take part in the sacraments.
A __________ was a tax requiring parishioners to pay 1/10 of their income to the church.
All of the following were religious orders that were part of the Catholic Church EXCEPT:
__________ formed a convent in Rubertsberg, Germany and was known for composing religious music.
Hildegrad of Bingen
The lowest ranked position in the medieval church hierarchy was a __________.
___________ created what became the traditional rules for life in a monastery.
brought Catholicism to Ireland
A ________ is when the catholic church would close the church within a specific region, prohibiting worshipers from participating in the holy sacrament
Parish priests were the most powerful people in a diocese
Which of the following statements is not true
The church was influenced by rulers and bowed to government authority
the monastic rule named after __________ established the way to show one's devotion to god
buying high positions in church
When the Anglo-Saxons landed on the island know today as England, they referred to it as, "________________."
Land of the English
The _________invaded England in 1066, led by William the Conquerer.
Alfred the Great
By 1300 CE, France was unfied under a king.
After the Battle of Hastings, which two nations' cultures combined to create a new culture for England?
France and England
Anglo-Saxon England was conquered by William, who was from
what was edward I's most significant accomplishment
he divided the court system
at the battle of hastings the throne of england was won by
William the Conqueror
which of the following did not occur during the reign of henry i
as a symbol of loyalty, nobles were given the choice of either military service or paying fee
What was the end result of the Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror defeated Harold's Anglo-Saxon army
The high nobles and barons revolted against this man
edward i established all of the following courts except
The Court of Parliament
Under Danish rule, England did not ________
end Viking raids
The Concordat of Worms confirmed the spiritual power of the ________.
________ successfully defeated the central European invaders the Magyars.
Henry IV and ________ fought over lay investiture.
Pope Gregory VII
Who was elected King of Germany?
Henry IV believed that the Church was __________.
a branch of the imperial government
pope innocent ii did all of the following except
unite Italy and Germany
the reign of henry iii was considered the height of
he married eleanor of aquitaine which brought conflict between france and england
the strongest and most determined pope of the middle ages
he was the archbishop of canterbury during the reign of henry ii
powerful emperor who chose several popes
the lombard league was a group of city-states that
fought frederick barbarossa
how did pope john XII reward otto i for overthrowing the roman lords
the pope crowned him emperor of the romans
the church used interdict and excommunication to maintain power over the people
The Concordat of Worms represented a victory for Henry IV